The earth is closest to the Sun, at its perihelion, about two weeks ~ the December solstice and also farthest from the Sun, or at its aphelion, about two weeks after the June solstice.

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Earth is farthest from the Sun once it is summer in the north Hemisphere.

Changing Elliptical Orbit

The earth orbits the sun in an elliptical path, which method that over there is one allude on the path closest to the Sun and one suggest that is the furthest away native the Sun.

Orbit changes Shape

This path"s shape varies as result of the gravitational influences of other planetary objects, specifically the Moon. Around every 100,000 years, the Earth"s orbit path changes from being practically circular come elliptical. The difference of the earth’s orbital shape from a perfect one is known as the eccentricity. An eccentricity value of 0 is a one orbit, if values between 0 and 1 define an elliptical orbit.


Perihelion in Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA is onTuesday, January 4, 2022 at 1:52 to be EST (Change city)

Distance native the Sun"s center to Earth"s facility will be 147,105,052km (91,406,842mi)


YearPerihelionDistanceAphelionDistance20212022202320242025
January 2, 2021 8:50 am91,399,454miJuly 5, 2021 6:27 pm94,510,886mi
January 4, 2022 1:52 am91,406,842miJuly 4, 2022 3:10 am94,509,598mi
January 4, 2023 11:17 am91,403,034miJuly 6, 2023 4:06 pm94,506,364mi
January 2, 2024 7:38 pm91,404,095miJuly 5, 2024 1:06 am94,510,539mi
January 4, 2025 8:28 am91,405,993miJuly 3, 2025 3:54 pm94,502,939mi
* every aphelion/perihelion times are in regional Ann Arbor time.

Earth"s Perihelion and also Aphelion

The earth is closest to the Sun, or in ~ the perihelion, around two weeks after ~ the Decembersolstice, once it is winter in the north Hemisphere. Conversely, the earth is farthest away from the Sun, in ~ the aphelion point, two weeks ~ the June solstice, once the north Hemisphere is enjoying warmth summer months.

Astronomical terms & definitions

Is the time a Coincidence?

Due to variations in the eccentricity the the Earth"s orbit, the days when the planet reaches the perihelion or aphelion space not fixed. In 1246, the December Solstice was on the exact same day together the earth reached that perihelion. Because then, the perihelion and aphelion dates have drifted through a work every 58 years. In the short-term, the dates can vary up to 2 days indigenous one year come another.

Mathematicians and astronomers estimate that in 6430, end 4000 years from now, the perihelion will certainly coincide v the march equinox.

What reasons seasons?

Perigee and also Apogee

The Moon"s path around the earth is also elliptical. The point in the Moon"s orbit the is closest to the planet is called the perigee and the suggest farthest from the earth is well-known as the apogee. The state are also sometimes provided interchangeably with the Earth"s perihelion and aphelion.

Did friend Know...

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...that the indigenous perihelion and also aphelion come from old Greek, whereby peri means close, apo way far, and helios method the Sun? castle are offered in astronomy to describe the closest and also farthest points of the orbits of any object revolving around the Sun. Together, they are called apsides - the point out of least or best distance of a celestial object in orbit around an additional astronomical body.