To an increase energy levels and performance throughout exercise, many people turn come pre-workout supplements.

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These formulas normally consist of a flavored mixture of number of ingredients, each through a specific role in improving performance.

Yet, some human being experience side effects after acquisition them.

Here room 5 side results of pre-workout additionally — plus part tips for exactly how to avoid them.


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Caffeine is among the main ingredients in numerous pre-workout supplements.

This stimulant has been shown to increase muscle strength and also output throughout exercise if reducing fatigue (1, 2, 3).

In theory, caffeine permits you to get more out of a provided workout.

Nonetheless, caffeine has several potential next effects, especially if friend consume as well much. These include insomnia, nausea, raised heart rate, drowsiness, headaches, anxiety, and jitteriness or restlessness (4).

What’s more, countless pre-workout supplements fill high quantities — as much as 500 mg that caffeine per serving. Serving sizes typically range from 0.35–1 oz (10–30 grams).

In comparison, 1 cup (240 ml) the coffee consists of only 95 mg.

Ways to mitigate side effects

Caffeine dosing is really individualized, as some human being tolerate it better than others.

The best method to alleviate side results is to begin with a small dose that a caffeinated pre-workout supplement, slowly increasing your dosage to watch what you deserve to tolerate.

Remember that it’s best to stop caffeine because that at the very least 6 hours before bed to aid prevent sleeplessness (5).

Of course, friend can also choose pre-workout additionally without any type of caffeine.

Summary You’ll discover caffeine in many pre-workout supplements, yet this stimulant can cause jitteriness, anxiety, and an boosted heart rate. If you endure side effects, try a smaller sized dose come see exactly how your human body reacts.

Another famous ingredient in plenty of pre-workout formulas is creatine.

It has actually been displayed to rise high-intensity exercise capacity and lean body mass benefit from exercise (6).

While it’s many often part of a pre-workout supplement, creatine can additionally be taken on its own.

The key side effects connected with creatine are fairly mild yet include water retention, bloating, load gain, and digestive issues.

Ways to alleviate side effects

Despite these next effects, creatine has actually been presented to be exceptionally for sure (7, 8).

You deserve to reduce any kind of adverse symptom by ensuring suitable dosing.

Creatine is commonly dosed v a loading step of 4 scoops (20 grams) per day for at least 3 days, followed by a 3–5-gram everyday maintenance dose.

This technique provides rapid benefits — yet has a higher potential to reason digestive issues and also bloating (6).

Alternatively, you have the right to take a solitary daily sheep of 3–6 grams if you’re willing to wait for 3–4 weeks to experience benefits. This choice is finest if you want to prevent side results like bloating, specifically for those v a perceptible stomach (6).

Notably, it may be challenging to prevent moderate weight gain of 2–6 pounds (1–3 kg) while taking creatine. This is mainly due to increased water retention in her muscles (6).

Summary The easiest method to protect against mild side impacts from creatine is to take smaller daily doses rather of doing a loading phase.

Two added ingredients in plenty of pre-workout supplements are beta alanine and niacin (vitamin B3).

Beta alanine is an amino mountain that reduces mountain in her muscles throughout exercise, which may assist you sustain her workout because that slightly longer.

Dosed at 4–6 grams every day, it has actually been shown to increase exercise performance and also reduce exhaustion in high-intensity practice lasting 1–4 minute (9, 10).

Yet, this ingredient may reason paresthesia, a tingling sensation in her hands and also feet. While that a harmless nervous mechanism reaction, some human being may uncover it uncomfortable (11).

Another ingredient v mild downsides is niacin, i m sorry is contained in numerous pre-workout supplements for its skin-flushing effects. In high doses of 500 mg or more, that can cause a blood rush to the surface of her skin, bring about red patches (12).

While niacin also plays an essential role in energy metabolism, supplementing through it likely doesn’t offer extr benefits if girlfriend consume a well-balanced diet (13).

Ways to minimize side effects

The most effective method to reduce the tingling associated with beta alanine is to divide the everyday 4–6-gram dose right into 2 different doses the 2–3 grams each. Alternatively, you have the right to buy sustained-release formulas that protect against this side result (14).

Meanwhile, keeping your dose of niacin to much less than 500 mg might prevent niacin flush. Girlfriend can likewise purchase niacin-free products. Simply be sure to examine the ingredient on the label (15).

Summary Beta alanine and niacin room two typical ingredients in pre-workout formulas that may cause tingling and skin flushing, respectively. You deserve to prevent these side effects by separating or reducing her doses — or selecting products without this compounds.

Several ingredients in pre-workout formulas may reason digestive upset.

These encompass sodium bicarbonate, magnesium, creatine, and caffeine.

Sodium bicarbonate may cause problems once consumed at 91–227 mg per pound of body weight (200–500 mg every kg). However, many pre-workout supplements carry out not save on computer this much (16).

Magnesium, on the other hand, may have laxative results — specifically in the kind of magnesium citrate. Thus, taking too lot may reason diarrhea (17).

Interestingly, making use of too small water when mixing pre-workout additional may an in similar way upset your digestion. Too focused a liquid could lead come diarrhea (18).

Ways to mitigate side effects

Mixing her pre-workout supplement with 8–12 ounces (240–350 ml) that water have the right to minimize next effects.

As it’s challenging to recognize which ingredient is bring about digestive issues, you might want to try different pre-workout formulas till you find one you have the right to tolerate.

Summary Several ingredients in pre-workout additional may trigger digestive concerns in part people. Mix them with enough water deserve to alleviate these effects.

Citrulline, which is added to some pre-workout supplements, is expected to rise blood flow to your muscles during exercise, result in magnified muscle building.

This amino acid functions by raising nitric oxide level in your blood (19).

The encourage dose because that citrulline malate, a common kind of this ingredient, is 6–8 grams — though many pre-workout supplements market smaller quantities and may not administer the potential benefits.

Keep in mind the this boost in blood circulation affects your brain as well together your muscles, top some world to experience headaches and also migraines. This is because of blood pressure changes in your brain’s small blood ship (20).

Ways to reduce side effects

The most effective way to minimize headaches from citrulline is to decrease your dosage.

If you find that you still battle with headaches, you might want to uncover a pre-workout complement without this ingredient.

Summary Citrulline, a common ingredient in pre-workout formulas, may cause headaches by boosting blood flow in her body. Decreasing her dosage might minimize this effect.

You don’t have to take a supplement to benefit from exercise.

However, if you’ve trained repeatedly for at least six months, pre-workout supplements may assist increase your exercise capacity (21, 22).

If you interested in make the efforts a formula, look because that a rubber stamp from an elevation lab that ensures quality. Trial and error companies included ConsumerLab.com, USP, and also NSF International.

In addition, it’s always recommended to examine ingredient lists because that anything you may react to. You may likewise want to protect against proprietary blends, as these conceal the certain amounts of every ingredient used.

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Summary Pre-workout additionally may boost your exercise capacity if you maintain a wholesome workout regimen and also diet, but they’re not important to attain great results.