Although The wonderful Wizard that Oz (1900) attributes Dorothy as the main character, she had no surname till the third Oz book, Ozma of Oz (1907). Many readers associate Gale v the cyclone that swept Dorothy to Oz in the very first place, however the publication in i beg your pardon she is named transports she to Oz via a maelstrom in ~ sea: Dorothy and Uncle Henry room traveling to loved ones in Australia so that he can rest from every the hard work he"s done on his Kansas farm. But Dorothy Gale and also a "gale" of wind do a logical association. Interestingly, when L. Frank Baum to be editor of the Aberdeen (Dakota Territory) Saturday Pioneer, he published long and also frequent account of great Plains weather. In 1879 six Gales of Irving, Kansas, were killed in a country famous twin tornado. The Kansas state song, "Home top top the Range," widely adapted to plenty of locations during the nineteenth century, start its second verse v "Oh, give me the gale, of the Solomon vale." probably Baum was merely echoing the surname of his mother-in-law, Maude Gage.

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However Dorothy came by her last name, she is a famous an excellent Plains citizen and also a true westerner. She is an agent for change: she kills two witches in Oz (one with a house, the other with water, just as plenty of pioneers used those weapons to an excellent effect ~ above the Plains), and she substitutes benevolent rulers in their places. She is loyal to home and also once in Oz determinedly sets she mind to return to it. Nothing sways she resolve. She unites miscellaneous people and creatures in autonomous fashion, she"s really practical, she"s conscientious and also clean (mopping up the "mess" of the melted wicked Witch the the West), and also she acts calmly, without fear, in spite of her age. Finally, she to know life ~ above the Plains, explaining the her desire for a fast return home originates from her assumption that Aunt Em will certainly think she"s dead and that the negative woman cannot afford mourning clothing if the plants are no far better than they were the year before.

In subsequent books, Baum tired of tragedies as vehicles to carry Dorothy to Oz, and also she left the good Plains and also Kansas in 1910, in The Emerald City the Oz, to take up long-term residence as component of Ozma"s court. L. Open minded Baum lasted only three years in the great Plains; Dorothy Gale it s long ten. With each other they offered the an ar one of its admirable citizens, someone with the heart, brains, and courage to thrive in a challenging environment.

See also literary TRADITIONS: Baum, frank L..

thomas Fox AverillWashburn University

Averill, cutting board Fox. "Oz and Kansas Culture." Kansas History 12 (1989): 2–12.

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Greene, David L., and Dick Martin. The Oz Scrapbook. New York: random House, 1977.