The electoral fight in between Republican Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton has caught international attention, together the two candidates market sharply different visions the the US and its location in the world.

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On a organize of problems - economics, immigration, nationwide security and also social concerns - the two party nominees are occasionally wedded come party orthodoxy and also at various other times carve out new positions. In grandfather Trump's case, he's periodically done both (hence the dual Trump top on several of these charts).

Here's a watch at just how the 2 candidates ridge up with each other - and also where their views right in through other people leaders.


Hillary Clinton is mostly in the tendency of the democratic Party on eco-friendly issues. She claims climate readjust is a danger to American security, supports stringent regulation of the power industry, and opposes broadened drilling in Alaska and also the construction of the Keystone oil pipeline from Canada. She's rankled some environmentalists, however, by refusing to ago a moratorium ~ above the extraction of oil from shale deposits through a process called "fracking". Since she secured the democratic nomination, mrs Clinton has moved environmental problems to the earlier burner. As the Guardian freshly noted, she mentions climate adjust only about fifty percent as frequently in her speeches together she did throughout her major fight against Bernie Sanders.

Donald Trump has issued no position statements top top environmental problems on his website. In speeches and debates, however, he has actually said the opposes what he views as financially damaging eco-friendly regulations backed by "political activists with extreme agendas". He claims he supports clean water and also air, however wants come slash funding to the eco-friendly Protection Agency. He has likewise called manmade climate readjust "a hoax" and said he would certainly "cancel" the Paris Agreement and also other international efforts to address the issue.

Like grandfather Trump, Indian element Minister Narendra Modi has actually prioritised economic development over eco-friendly protection. His management has loosened regulations, allowing businesses to conduct their very own environmental impact studies and also pollution control monitoring, instead of relying on regional governments.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has actually overseen she nation's shift away indigenous an economy reliant top top fossil fuels. In 2015 about a 3rd of Germany's electrical energy came from renewables. She has additionally been a worldwide leader on initiatives to resolve climate change, pushing for more stringent temperature reduction marks and also emission caps.


Hillary Clinton has appreciated solid assistance from the black community, which has actually insulated she from the sort of criminal justice revolutionary protests that have actually bedevilled various other candidates. She's spoken out versus "mass incarceration" and mandatory minimum sentences and said that there is still racial bias in police department that need to be addressed. She supports laws prohibiting racial profiling and also wants to emphasize rehabilitiation over lengthy prison sentences because that non-violent medicine offenders.

Violence and also lawlessness is the end of control in the US, follow to Donald Trump. That says law enforcement agencies are unable come fight crime because of runaway "political correctness" and also says they should be allowed to get hard on offenders. He claims police profiling is important to stop terrorist attacks on us soil and also supports their ability to "stop and frisk" those they doubt of illegal activity. He has actually said convicts are often treated too well by the united state criminal righteousness system and complained the the suspect in the new York bombings was receiving government-sponsored medical care and legal aid.

The Scandinavian nations, consisting of Erna Solberg's Norway, have criminal justice equipment that tilt greatly towards rehabilitation and away indigenous punitive measures. Its incarceration rate is 70 per 100,000 people, contrasted to the 2014 US price of 693/100,000. The country also has a preferably sentence of only 21 year - in all but a few extreme cases.

On the other end of the politics spectrum indigenous Norway is Rodrigo Duterte's Philippines. The newly elected president has been accused of notified extra-judicial killings in order to regulate the nation's medicine crime. That campaigned ~ above a platform of getting difficult on crime - promising to death "100,000 criminals" - and also has stated that he doesn't care around human rights.

Donald Trump has actually been warning that the US policy of admitting refugees from specific regions - the Mid-east or, more generally, Muslim countries - presents a major threat come US national security. He's attempted come bolster his instance by citing often debunked internet rumours, such as that Syrian refugees are greatly young, single men. He's referred to as for the us to suspend resettling refugees until "extreme vetting" procedures can be implemented, including ideological exam to display out extremists. The asserts that countries in the Middle east - which currently have received millions of Syrian and Iraqi refugees - need to do more to create safe zones for those fleeing the violence.

Hillary Clinton has called for rise in the variety of Syrian refugees resettled in the us from the current 10,000 yearly mark to 65,000 - which, grandfather Trump likes to allude out, is a 550% increase. She warns that the refugees need to be "carefully vetted", but notes that present procedures currently involve a multi-year application procedure and refugees don't understand in which country they will be settled. She says the US has a background of welcoming those fleeing oppression and violence, i m sorry she wants to continue.

The Syrian refugee situation was at its peak once Justin Trudeau campaigned in the Canadian general election critical October. A photograph of drown three-year-old Alan Kurdi - that had family members living in Canada - do the front page of human being newspapers. Mr Trudeau pledged that his country would do much more to assist and, due to the fact that then, Canada has actually accepted much more than 30,000 Syrian refugees and also is processing about 15,000 more.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel ended up being the confront of the european Union initiatives to resettle Midle eastern refugees - and also has paid a politics price for it. Multiple sclerosis Merkel imposed an "open door" policy toward refugees native war-torn countries that led to more than a million immigrants over the past 18 months. After her party endured sweeping defeats in current elections, she apologised for she policies, saying that the German government did no exercise sufficient control.

Ever since he descended his gold escalator come launch his unconventional campaign last June, Donald Trump has made immigrant his signature issue. Despite movie critics who call it unaffordable and also unrealistic, the Republican has stood by his speak to to build an impenetrable wall along the 2,000-plus-mile US-Mexico border. He's likewise called because that reductions in legal immigration, finishing President Barack Obama's executive, management actions deferring deportation proceedings because that undocumented migrants and more stringent efforts to alleviate the variety of these migrants life in the US. The candidate has backed far from previously calls because that the forced deportation of the more than 11 million undocumented migrants living on us soil and also temporarily closing the us border to every Muslims - but those positions space still front and also centre on his campaign website.

Hillary Clinton has said she desires to continue and expand upon president Barack Obama's unilateral executive, management actions normalising the immigration standing of long-time undocumented inhabitants of the US and also their households (some that which have been exposed by us courts). She has called for comprehensive immigration revolutionary that includes a means for undocumented immigrants to obtain permanent legitimate residency and, eventually, united state citizenship. She opposes privately run detention facilities and has claimed a wall surface is a "dumb way" to ensure border security.

Upon she elevation to element minister complying with the UK's Brexit vote, Theresa May stated that EU tap the money negotiations will emphasis on developing controls on the variety of immigrants who can go into the nation. As a full member that the EU, the UK allowed unlimited entrance for all EU citizens. Multiple sclerosis May has actually pledged that that system will end with the UK's withdrawal. She has stood by a Conservative Party pledge to alleviate net migration into the UK come 100,000 annually, native its 2015 high the 336,000.

Japan has actually long had actually one that the world's more restrictive immigrant policies, and the government of Shinzo Abe shows small sign of changing course. Non-Japanese comprise 1.4% that the nation's workforce, compared to 16.7% in the US. The nation faces a shrinking, aging population, which has prompted some federal government officials to call for relaxed immigration standards. In ~ this point, however, proposed release are minimal to broadening the nation's guest-worker programmes.

During her tenure together a us senator and also secretary the state, Hillary Clinton earn a reputation together a international policy hawk. She supported the us war in Iraq - a position which she says she now regrets - and was among the leading Obama administration advocates because that the us air project in Libya. She has called on the us to take on one expanded role in fighting the so-called Islamic State in Syria, consisting of the imposition that a no-fly zone and arming Syrian rebels, back she claims she opposes the meeting of floor troops (this ceiling statement does no seem to encompass special forces, however). She likewise supports a continued US army presence in Afghanistan.

For the most part, Donald Trump has actually made a sharp break v the timeless foreign policy voices in ~ the Republican Party. He has criticised the us War in Iraq (although his claims that he protest it from the start space unfounded) and other us military action in the center East. The has referred to as for closer relations with Vladimir Putin's Russia and also says the US must make allies in Europe and also Asia shoulder a greater share that the price for their national defence and also emphasises that US foreign policy must always prioritise American interests. On the other hand, mr Trump has also taken a hard-line stance toward combating IS, asserting the Obama management policy has actually been also restrained in taking care of "radical Islamic terrorism". That has even at times asserted the the US need to commit 10s of hundreds of ground troops to the fight.

British work Party leader Jeremy Corbyn stands steady to the left of Hillary Clinton and is slightly more dovish than Mr Trump in ~ his many isolationist. That opposes a nuclear-armed UK and has, in the past, criticised the nation's membership in Nato. The is firmly against "military interventions", consisting of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and any UK authorized in Syrian waiting strikes.

Under chairman Xi Jinping, China has actually taken a rather measured technique to international policy. On problems of ar sovereignty, the nation has veered towards sabre-rattling, consisting of occupying and developing challenged islands in the south China Sea. Elsewhere, his nation has sought multilateral solutions, consisting of support because that the oriental Infrastructure investment Bank and also a durable programme of international aid, particularly in south America and Africa.

Hillary Clinton take away the standard autonomous Party line on abortion. She is versus efforts to ban the procedure after 20 main of pregnancy. She opposes state regulation that boosts regulation that abortion providers and also is in favour permitting the federal federal government to carry out funding for non-profit organisations that carry out abortion services for rape victims in battle zones. She has criticised conservative efforts to cut off government capital for planned Parenthood's women's wellness efforts since they also administer abortion services.

Donald Trump briefly took an extremely aggressive anti-abortion position as soon as he said throughout a town hall forum in March that abortions should be illegal and also he supported "some form of punishment" for ladies who had them. His campaign quickly backed down from the statement, however, and also asserted the the candidate thought the legality of the procedure need to be left approximately individual states, with any criminal penalties being booked for abortion providers. He has actually said he support an abortion ban exemption for "rape, incest and the life that the mother". The has dubbed for defunding plan Parenthood. As newly as 2000, grandfather Trump sustained abortion rights however has said that, like Ronald Reagan, he readjusted his see on the matter.

Abortion is prohibition by Ireland's constitution, yet the nation and its element minister, Enda Kenny, have actually been under boosting pressure to change the blanket prohibition the only allows the procedure if there is "real and comprehensive risk come the life that the mother". In July the nation's legislative branch voted under a bill that would have permitted the procedure in cases where the foetus had actually fatal bear defects. Grandfather Kenny opposed the bill, but several of his deputies damaged ranks and supported it.

Abortion is currently only legit in Poland in cases of rape, incest, significant birth defect or risk to the mother's life. Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo, however, is supporting legislation that would certainly impose a blanket ban on the procedure in all instances and also a three-year prison term for anyone having actually abortion. The measure, which is backed by the nation's Catholic Church, is collection to be discussed by the polish parliament in the autumn.

After dealing with a stiff primary an obstacle from democratic Socialist Bernie Sanders, Hillary Clinton adopted a an ext aggressive programme to resolve income inequality through increased taxes top top the wealthy. She has called for a 4% surtax ~ above incomes end $5m, a boost in the resources gains tax, treating "carried interest" earnings earned by hedge money managers together income and not capital gains, the closeup of the door of "tax loopholes" because that the wealthy and an increase in the estate tax. She has also called for greater tax division for healthcare and education spending because that middle-class families. According to an evaluation by the Tax policy Center, the optimal 1% would pay for roughly three-quarters of mrs Clinton's taxes increases.

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Like countless Donald Trump positions, the Republican nominee's tax arrangement has undergone some - ahem - revisions over the food of his candidacy. According to an evaluation from the conservative taxation Foundation, grandfather Trump's latest arrangement would cost the united state government around $5.9 sunshine in revenue end 10 years, about fifty percent as much as the proposal he set out critical September. Mr Trump's current setup includes to reduce the variety of tax brackets from seven to three, cutting corporate taxes, eliminating the estate tax and also increasing the conventional deduction because that individual filers. Follow to the Tax foundation analysis, the peak 1% of earners would see their earnings increase by double-digits, when the bottom 4 minutes 1 gets a an increase of as much as 1.9%.

If Bernie Sanders had actually won the presidency, his federal government fiscal policies may have finished up feather a lot choose those enforced by Chilean president Michelle Bachelet. In 2014 she spearheaded implementation of a taxes reform programme that increased tax revenue through $8.2bn through rise in the corporate taxation rate and the closeup of the door of some taxation loopholes. She offered the revenue come guarantee complimentary education for every Chilean students.

British prime Minister Theresa May has dubbed cracking down on taxation avoidance a crucial part that her economic reform package - consisting of holding taxation consultants responsible because that the taxation they help others illegal avoid. She has said she is versus any tax increases prior to 2020, and her government has suggested cutting business taxes in order to spur the nation's economy.

Once top top a time, Republicans to be the party the unfettered free trade. Donald Trump has changed all that. If he states he is not opposed to trade in principle, any type of trade deals have to safeguard US industry. The is firmly versus the Trans-Pacific Partnership and also has said that he will certainly re-open negotiation on already signed pacts, such as the north America cost-free Trade Agreement, and withdraw if US requirements are no met. He has actually accused us trading partners favor Mexico and also China of unfair trade practices, money manipulation and also intellectual residential or commercial property theft, threaten to unilaterally i charged tariffs and other punitive procedures if they execute not perform reforms.

Hillary Clinton once referred to as the Trans-Pacific partnership the "gold standard" for international trade agreements. She husband, invoice Clinton, supervised the passage of Nafta during his very first term in the White House. With public sentiment turning against free trade deals, however, granny Clinton has backed far from her previously support. She has actually said she now opposes TPP and also the main American cost-free Trade commitment as lock are right now formulated. "We have to trade with the rest of the world," she said throughout a primary dispute in February. "But we have failed to carry out the basic safety net support that American workers need in bespeak to have the ability to compete and also win in the an international economy."

Australia's newly elected Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull proceeds to be a complimentary trade advocate, but he is facing growing political headwinds in his country. That is a firm support of the Trans-Pacific cooperation and promoted on that is behalf during visit to brand-new York City because that UN general Assembly meetings in September. He called the TPP "a explain of American's commitment to the rules-based order which has actually underpinned the prosperity that billions that people and also lifted billions out of poverty".

In august French chairman Francois Hollande referred to as off profession talks through the Obama administration - maybe a enjoy of the transforming mood towards such agreements both in the US and France. The criticised negotiations end the Transatlantic Trade and Investment cooperation - which started in 2013 - as "too imbalanced". French trade Minister Matthias Fekl stated the negotiations space "dead", including that "there is no political assistance in France for these negotiations".