On Feb. 7, new York Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez presented her Green new Deal in the House and Sen. Ed Markey of Massachusetts presented a companion resolution in the Senate.

The message of the legislation, i beg your pardon is a nonbinding resolution, lays the end a vast vision for just how the country could tackle climate readjust over the following decade, while developing high-paying jobs and also protecting fragile communities.

Unlike a bill, this form of regulation is not presented come the president and also cannot become law. Also if the Green new Deal happen in one or both chambers the Congress, separate law would have to be introduced to make any type of of the resolution’s objectives a reality.

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Much the the solution to the proposal has focused on details the don’t appear in the resolution text. President Donald Trump, because that example, said on Feb. 9 in a tweet the the plan would “permanently eliminate all Planes, Cars, Cows, Oil, Gas & the Military.”

I think the is very important for the democracy to push forward v their Green new Deal. It would certainly be good for the so-called “Carbon Footprint” come permanently remove all Planes, Cars, Cows, Oil, Gas & the military – even if no other country would carry out the same. Brilliant!

— Donald J. Trump card (
realDonaldTrump) February 9, 2019

Two days later, in ~ a rally in El Paso, Trump recurring some that those claims, saying the he yes, really doesn’t choose “their policy of taking away her car, taking away your aircraft flights, the ‘let’s hop a train come California,’ the ‘you’re not enabled to very own cows anymore!’”

Rep. Liz Cheney of Wyoming made similar claims once she warned in a subcommittee hearing on Feb. 12 that the Green brand-new Deal would certainly “outlaw” airplane travel, gasoline, cars and “probably the entire U.S. Military.”

The Green new Deal doesn’t call for any of these prohibitions. But documents about the resolution released by Ocasio-Cortez’s office did deal with some the the worries raised by Trump and others.

In a Feb. 8 interview v Fox News hold Tucker Carlson, an torture to Ocasio-Cortez wrongly said that an FAQ paper promising every Americans financial security, also if they were “unwilling come work,” to be doctored, and was not placed out by Ocasio-Cortez’s office. Return the resolution walk not include that language, that was part of a truth sheet Ocasio-Cortez provided to media outlets and also at one time was easily accessible on a blog write-up on the representative’s website. Her adviser, Robert Hockett, later on admitted he to be wrong. 

Here we define what the Green new Deal consists of — and doesn’t — and also why over there is man over few of the content.

Goals the the Legislation

The Green brand-new Deal is modeled in part after Franklin D. Roosevelt’s new Deal, which to be a big federal routine designed to stabilize the economy and recover native the an excellent Depression. The Green new Deal concentrates on tackling climate change, however isn’t came to just v reducing emissions.

There are five goals, i beg your pardon the resolution says need to be achieved in a 10-year mobilization effort:

Achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions v a fair and just change for every communities and also workersCreate countless good, high-wage jobs and also ensure prosperity and also economic defense for all human being of the united StatesInvest in the infrastructure and also industry that the United states to sustainably fulfill the challenges of the 21st centurySecure for all human being of the United states for generations come come: clean air and water; climate and community resiliency; healthy food; accessibility to nature; and a sustainable environmentPromote justice and equity by protecting against current, staying clear of future, and also repairing historic oppression of aboriginal peoples, areas of color, migrant communities, deindustrialized communities, depopulated rural communities, the poor, low-income workers, women, the elderly, the unhoused, civilization with disabilities, and also youth (“frontline and also vulnerable communities”)

The main climate readjust goal is to with net-zero greenhouse emissions in a decade. “Net-zero” means that after tallying up every the greenhouse gases that space released and subtracting those that room sequestered, or removed, over there is no net enhancement to the atmosphere. The goal, then, is slightly much less ambitious than calling for no greenhouse gas emissions in ~ all.

In October, the Intergovernmental dashboard on Climate readjust concluded in a special report that in stimulate to border warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial level — and thereby avoid many climate readjust impacts — the human being would have to reach net-zero emissions the carbon dioxide by the year 2050.

The resolution goes on to propose extr aims and projects to attain these overarching goals, however generally does no stipulate how the nation will reach them. The resolution is likewise silent top top cost and also funding mechanisms.

We’ll go through some of the particular topics that have received the many attention.


One the the most ambitious and prominent goals of the Green brand-new Deal is to satisfy “100 percent of the power demand in the United claims through clean, renewable, and also zero-emission energy sources.”

The resolution doesn’t sell any an ext details, other than to say the this would encompass “dramatically expanding and also upgrading renewable power sources” and also “deploying brand-new capacity.”

One allude of confusion has been what species of power sources the Green new Deal would permit for electricity generation. Ocasio-Cortez’s office exit an FAQ document that specifically said that new nuclear plants would certainly not it is in permitted, return existing atom plants could stay. And in solution to a question about carbon capture, utilization and also storage, or CCUS, the truth sheet read, “We think the right method to record carbon is to plant trees and also restore our organic ecosystems. CCUS an innovation to date has no proven effective.”

But the text of the resolution go not point out nuclear strength or carbon capture, and also as written, does no prohibit either an approach of generation.

In a push conference on Feb. 7 announcing the proposal, Markey called reporters that the fact sheet’s thoughts on nuclear power were not part of the resolution. That also added that while the resolution doesn’t point out carbon capture, “we are open to everything works.”

The strength sector is just one of the best contributors to the nation’s carbon footprint, back in recent years emissions have begun to fall. According to the ecological Protection Agency, generating electrical power accounts for around 28 percent of the country greenhouse gas emissions.


If the country wants to reach net-zero emissions in a decade, among the many important areas in which emissions reductions need to take place is transportation. Transportation recently gone beyond power generation together the sector through the greatest greenhouse gas emissions, and is responsible for about 28 percent of the U.S. Total.

As with electrical energy generation, the message of the resolution that discusses transport is open-ended. The Green brand-new Deal calls for “overhauling transportation systems in the United says to remove pollution and greenhouse gas emissions native the transportation sector as much as is technologically feasible, consisting of through invest in— (i) zero-emission automobile infrastructure and manufacturing; (ii) clean, affordable, and accessible public transit; and also (iii) high-speed rail.”

Some people, consisting of the president, have actually said that the Green brand-new Deal gets rid of cars or wait travel. And also as we’ve detailed elsewhere, some well-known memes online have even argued that the setup advocates structure “trains end the oceans.”

The resolution go not contact for that. It only states that transport emissions must be diminished “as lot as is technically feasible,” and also suggests three means of reaching that goal, consisting of high-speed rail and zero-emission vehicles, which would include electric cars. Over there is no mention of air travel.

But air take trip was mentioned in assorted FAQ materials produced by Ocasio-Cortez’s office. 

In one FAQ that was provided to NPR, one of the highlighted jobs was to “totally overhaul transport by massively expanding electric automobile manufacturing, develop charging station everywhere, build out high-speed rail in ~ a scale where air travel stops coming to be necessary, produce affordable publicly transit accessible to all, through goal to replace every combustion-engine vehicle.”

At one more point, the FAQ to be trying to explain why the goal was net-zero emissions, quite than none in ~ all, and also said that was “because us aren’t certain that fine be able to totally get rid of farting cows and airplanes the fast.”

Corbin Trent, Ocasio-Cortez’s interactions director, stated in a phone call interview that any kind of such translate of the truth sheets was no intended. “Obviously, no, we’re not trying to half air travel,” he said.

Trent iterated the the Green new Deal go not include details in any kind of other documents. “The resolution is what we’re focused on,” the said.


A third significant industry the Green new Deal targets is agriculture. Around 9 percent the the country greenhouse gases stem from agricultural activities, including the release of nitrous oxide native soil and methane from livestock.

Once again, the farming section that the resolution is vague, stating just that one of the goals of the Green brand-new Deal is “working collaboratively with farmers and ranchers in the United states to remove pollution and greenhouse gas emissions native the farming sector as lot as is technologically feasible, including— (i) through supporting family members farming; (ii) by investing in sustainable farming and land use techniques that increase soil health; and (iii) by structure a an ext sustainable food system that ensures universal access to healthy and balanced food.”

Although the resolution doesn’t say anything about cows, the animal is commonly mentioned by critics of the Green new Deal. The chairman referenced cows double — as soon as in his tweet, and again in El Paso. 

And on Feb. 12, Sen. John Barrasso of Wyoming incorrectly said livestock would certainly be banned and also that ice cream to be “another victim” of the proposal. “Say goodbye to dairy, come beef, to family farms to ranches,” the said. “American favorites favor cheeseburgers and also milkshakes will end up being a thing of the past.”

Cows were disputed in 2 FAQ documents, which likely explains the preoccupation. As stated earlier, the fact sheet sent to NPR reads, “We collection a score to obtain to net-zero, fairly than zero emissions, in 10 years since we aren’t sure that we’ll be may be to fully get rid of farting cows and also airplanes that fast.”

The exact same idea also appeared in a blog post on Ocasio-Cortez’s website, return the language was tweaked to omit “farting.” The post was take away down and no longer appears.

Cows are among several animals that produce methane together a an outcome of digesting food. In a procedure known as enteric fermentation, microbes in the cow’s stomach help breakdown cattle feed, releasing the gas. The bulk of the gas is actually exhaled native the mouth, or belched, not released indigenous the ago end.

In the U.S., methane production from livestock accounts for almost a third of the greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture, and more than a 4 minutes 1 of all methane emissions. Methane is about 28 times much more potent than carbon dioxide end a century.

Economic Security

Along with its eco-friendly goals, the Green new Deal intends to carry out economic protection for Americans.

One that the proposal’s an essential goals is to “create millions of good, high-wage jobs and ensure prosperity and also economic protection for all people of the joined States.” The plan likewise guarantees “a task with a family-sustaining wage, adequate family and medical leave, payment vacations, and also retirement security to all world of the united States.”

Both FAQ sheets — the version sent out to NPR and also the one posted to Ocasio-Cortez’s website — however, go further, and include a supplication guaranteeing economic security to “all who are unable or unwilling come work.”

There is naught in the Green brand-new Deal about providing for civilization who space “unwilling to work,” however the consists in the FAQ materials has actually proven to be one of the many contentious aspects of the Green new Deal’s rollout.

In his Feb. 8 interview on Fox News, Hockett, a Cornell law professor and also adviser to Ocasio-Cortez, falsely said that no materials released by the congresswoman consisted of the “unwilling come work” language, and also must have actually come native a doctored version.

He later on told the Daily Caller the he had actually been mistaken, and also had been reasoning of a doctored variation of the Green brand-new Deal that Ocasio-Cortez had tweeted about. The fake variation of the Green brand-new Deal falsely declared that guys would be compelled to urinate in “an empty milk jug instead of a toilet.”

On Feb. 9, after ~ a Washington Post reporter i found it the disconnect, Ocasio-Cortez comment on Twitter, noting that there were miscellaneous versions of the Green brand-new Deal and also the FAQs.

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There are multiple doctored GND resolutions and also FAQs floating around. There was likewise a draft variation that acquired uploaded + take away down. There’s likewise draft version floating the end there.

Point is, the genuine one is our submitted resolution, H.Res. 109: https://t.co/ZlgWmNQn57