Puerto Rico’s residents do not gain to poll in the presidential elections for one basic reason: Puerto Rico is no a state.

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“Article II clearly grants the responsibility of electing the president and vice- chairman to the states. Puerto Rico is not a state. Therefore, Puerto Rico and also its occupants do not deserve to participate in presidential elections,” wrote Jos D. Romn, in “Trying come Fit one Oval shaped Island right into a Square Constitution: debates for Puerto Rican Statehood,” in the Fordham Urban law Journal.

That’s pretty lot it. Human being born in Puerto Rico yet living in a state are cost-free to poll in presidential elections. People born in a state yet living in Puerto Rico cannot. It’s that simple.

But what about the presidential primaries?

Presidential primaries

Both major political parties in the joined States organize primaries. This are at an early stage votes that allow the party to winnow down the candidates come one. In the critical presidential election, Hillary Clinton was the autonomous candidate and Donald Trump was the Republican candidate. Supporters of Marco Rubio or Bernie Sanders could no much longer vote for their preferred candidate. Every party has actually just one.

The primaries are various in various states and also territories. Some states have actually a caucus, a much more informal form of poll in i beg your pardon delegates are liked to go to the national Conventions the the major parties.

Some states have actually closed primaries, in which people who have actually registered as Democrats gain to vote in the autonomous primary and also those who are registered as Republicans get to poll in the Republican primary. Part states have open primaries, and allow voters to poll in either primary, but not both. Over there are countless other variations, and also each state deserve to make and change its very own rules around primaries. Countless of this rules have actually gone to court multiple times, and states may have, for example, a top-down nonpartisan blanket main one year and a winner-take-all closed main the next year.

Puerto Rico has actually an open up primary. In fact, voters in Puerto Rico can’t it is registered as members the the major U.S. Politics parties.

The Island has actually 59 delegates to the democratic National Convention. 51 the those delegates have to vote because that the candidate who had actually the largest number of votes in the primary.

Puerto Rico sends out 23 candidates to the Republican nationwide Convention. The Republican main is a winner-take-all challenge with a 50% threshold. If any kind of candidate it s okay 50% the the vote, then the winner will certainly get all of the delegates. If no candidate gets 50% — for example, if the most popular candidate acquired just 45% that the poll — then delegates are allocated among those who obtained 20% or much more of the vote.

Puerto Rico’s delegates

Each of Puerto Rico’s delegates has just as much power as any other delegate in ~ the conventions. Puerto Rico has more Republican delegates than Vermont, and an ext Democratic delegates than quite a few states, including Oklahoma.

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At the moment, there room 12 candidates because that the autonomous nomination, and also three for the Republican nomination. The is a issue of just weeks it rotates the primaries begin. Puerto Rico’s primaries will certainly be held in march this year.