Jose luis Vaello-Madero received SSI benefits from society Security when he live in new York. When he relocated to Puerto Rico, he ongoing receiving those benefits for number of years, even though inhabitants of Puerto Rico are not eligible because that SSI.

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SSI, or Supplemental security Income, is especially for elderly, disabled, needy individuals.

When Social protection realized that they had actually made the error of sending funds come Vaello-Madero, they sue him to recuperate the $28,081 they had paid him. Vaello-Madero winner his case, and won again when Social protection appealed the decision.

The federal federal government insisted on acquisition the situation to the supreme Court, also though chairman Biden expressed compassion because that Vaello-Madero and the world of Puerto Rico.

Brief filed


On august 30th, Vaello Madero’s legitimate team filed a short on his behalf.

The brief begins with the following statement that the “Question Presented”:


Whether aged, blind, and disabled citizens who meet the need-based eligibility criteria for Supplemental Security income (SSI) are deprived that equal protection under the 5th Amendment once Congress excludes them from this uniform national program solely since they reside in Puerto Rico, a U.S. Territory that has actually been organized without federal voting power for an ext than 120 years.


Congress have the right to treat Puerto Rico in different ways solely due to the fact that of the island’s “unique” status and also “unparalleled” partnership with the unified States. Petitioner claims that Puerto Rico’s “unique” standing benefits the residents because it method that they pay much less federal taxes and can take treatment of their own. Follow to petitioner, Congress have the right to legitimately deny the neediest citizen in Puerto Rico equal accessibility to federal benefits together a “price” for this neighborhood autonomy.


“Not just is this explanation wildly out of touch v Puerto Rico’s political and also fiscal reality,” the quick continues, “but it likewise fails to explain why poor and also disabled american in Puerto Rico must bring this load when an in similar way situated american in the most autonomous jurisdictions in ours federated system, states, space not compelled to make this sacrifice.”

Separate yet equal

Congress is permitted to law Puerto Rico, i m sorry is one unincorporated territory, in different ways from says — as lengthy as over there is a “rational basis” for doing so. The department of justice has suggested that Puerto Rico’s inexplicable (President Biden has called it “bizarre“) status is a an excellent reason to deny SSI services to inhabitants of the Island.

Vaello-Madero’s team disagrees.


They wrote, “Puerto Rico’s ‘unique’ status means only one thing: return Puerto Rico is a U.S. Are that has actually been topic to U.S. Regulate for more than 120 years, the people of Puerto Rico (U.S. Citizens by birth) have actually no federal voting power and also lack the political strength to collection their very own destiny.”

They likewise pointed the end that the idea of applying different requirements to different groups of U.S. Citizens is contradictory to the worths of ours nation.


“Justice Harlan composed a separate dissent,” in one of the faster of the Insular Cases, they pointed out, “warning the the ‘idea the this country may gain territories everywhere upon the earth, by occupation or treaty, and also hold them as mere nests or provinces—the people inhabiting them come enjoy just such legal rights as Congress chooses to accord to them—is wholly inconsistent through the spirit and also genius and with the indigenous of the Constitution."”


Applicability of income tax

The DOJ associated the fact that most citizens of Puerto Rico do not pay revenue taxes with the fact that they room ineligible because that SSI. The quick points the end that, by definition, SSI recipients living in states additionally do not pay income tax. The eligibility requirements are such the no SSI recipient earns enough money come be required to pay any type of income tax.

That makes the question of income taxes in Puerto Rico irregularity to the case.

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The dispute that over there is a “rational basis” for the discrimination against Puerto Ricans is an empty one, follow to the brief. “By virtue that its status as a territory, Puerto Rico has no Electoral university votes and consequently its occupants do no vote in Presidential elections. Puerto Rico has no senators and its single representative in congress is a no voting residents commissioner,” the brief points out. “This lack of voting power method Puerto Rico inhabitants were not able to vote for or against their exclusion from SSI, and also they cannot vote to modify it.”


The United claims Department that Justice has actually one month come respond. Oral disagreements have no yet been scheduled, however will take location in the future.


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Puerto Rico Report: supreme Court Considers expansion of SSI services to Puerto Rico: short Filed this day | Puerto Rico us - pr-us.org august 30th, 2021

<…> short article Supreme Court Considers extension of SSI services to Puerto Rico: short Filed now appeared first on Puerto Rico <…>

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Puerto Rico Report: can be fried Court Considers expansion of SSI services to Puerto Rico: short Filed this particular day | Puerto Rico times - pr-times.com respectable 30th, 2021

<…> article Supreme Court Considers expansion of SSI services to Puerto Rico: brief Filed this particular day appeared first on Puerto Rico <…>

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rfwrites September 2nd, 2021

02.09.2021Supreme Court Considers extension of SSI services to Puerto RicoEquality does not exist in the USA. Equality is neither a generic no one a nurtured factor in the emotionally behaviour the the USA’s people.A success for the defendant would set a president that would certainly be very likely thought about by the court come be versus the standards of the emotionally behaviour that the USA’s people.Here space some examples of what can be intended from the us Supreme Court a.k.a. SCOTUS

Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)Buck v. Bell (1927)Korematsu v. United states (1944)RF McDonald D. IE

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States and Territories action up together Friends of the Court - Puerto Rico Report September 12th, 2021

<…> they protect the decision by conference to to exclude, Puerto Rico (and other U.S. Territories) native SSI, Supplemental security Income, financial aid awarded to civilization who room needy, elderly, and who have actually <…>

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Puerto Rico Report: States and Territories action up as Friends of the Court | Puerto Rico us - pr-us.org September 12th, 2021

<…> they protect the decision by congress to exclude Puerto Rico (and other U.S. Territories) from SSI, Supplemental protection Income, financial assistance awarded to human being who are needy, elderly, and also who have <…>

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Puerto Rico Report: States and also Territories action up as Friends of the Court | Puerto Rico times - pr-times.com September 12th, 2021

<…> they safeguard the decision by congress to exclude, Puerto Rico (and various other U.S. Territories) from SSI, Supplemental defense Income, financial assistance awarded to civilization who are needy, elderly, and also who have <…>