Condoleezza Rice to be nominated for Secretary that by George W. Bush on November 14, 2004, and assumed office ~ above January 26, 2005. She served for 4 years, leaving the place on January 20, 2009. She to be the an initial African-American mrs to offer as Secretary the


Rise to Prominence

Rice to be born top top November 14, 1954, in Birmingham, Alabama. She earned her bachelor of art in political science in 1974 indigenous the college of Denver, she master"s level in political scientific research from the university of Notre Dame in 1975, and her doctorate in political science from the Graduate institution of global Studies at the college of Denver in 1981.

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After she graduation, Rice accepted a position at Stanford university as a professor of political science. In 1987 she offered as an advisor to the share Chiefs of Staff, and in 1989 was appointed director of Soviet and East european Affairs top top the national Security Council.

Rice went back to Stanford in 1991 and also from 1993 till 1999 she served as Stanford"s Provost.

In 2001 she to be appointed nationwide Security advisor by president George W. Bush, and also succeeded Colin Powell as Secretary that in 2005.

Influence on U.S. Diplomacy

As Secretary the, Rice sustained the development of autonomous governments, and also championed the idea of "Transformational Diplomacy," i m sorry sought to redistribute U.S. Diplomats to areas of significant social and also political trouble, address such issues as disease, medicine smuggling and human trafficking, and reemphasize help through the development of the place of director of international Assistance.

Rice helped effectively negotiate numerous agreements in the middle East, consisting of Israeli withdrawal from and also the opening of the Gaza border crossings in 2005 and also the respectable 14, 2006 ceasefire in between Israel and also Hezbollah pressures in Lebanon. Rice arranged the Annapolis Conference the November 27, 2007, which concentrated on detect a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian problem.

Rice also worked actively to improve human rights problems in Iran and also supported the passage of a United countries Security council Resolution for sanctions against the country unless that is uranium enrichment routine was curtailed.

Another significant concern for Rice was North Korea"s nuclear program, and its subsequent testing of a atom weapon. Rice was firmly versus holding bilateral talks through North Korea, although she invited their participation in the six Party Talks between China, Japan, Russia, north Korea, southern Korea, and the joined gendergeek.orgs.

In October 2008, one of Rice"s most successful negotiations came to fruition, with the signing the the U.S.-India agreement for Cooperation worrying Peaceful provides of Nuclear energy (123 Agreement), i m sorry would enable civil nuclear trade in between the 2 countries.

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Shortly after her term together Secretary the finished in January 2009, she announced plans to compose a book around her diplomatic career. Rice was thrived as Secretary of by former very first Lady and new York city council Hillary Rodham Clinton.