If you’ve ever before felt a fiery emotion behind your breastbone or tasted something prefer battery acid in the back of your throat, then you might have had acid reflux, also commonly well-known as heartburn.

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You’re certainly not alone. In the joined States, about 1 in 5 civilization have gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, which is characterized by acid reflux and also heartburn.

But what is acid reflux exactly? and also what deserve to you do about it?

What is mountain Reflux?

There’s a ringlike muscle wherein your esophagus meets her stomach dubbed the reduced esophageal sphincter (LES). A effectively working LES protects the esophagus from the acid in her stomach by maintaining the pathway between them clenched shut.

When the LES is loose or also relaxed, acidic gastric juices (the ingredient in your stomach) have the right to bubble up into your esophagus, i beg your pardon is a significant cause of mountain reflux. (Other causes include hiatal hernias, when part of the stomach pushes with the diaphragm.)

A little bit the reflux is normal. However if girlfriend have extreme stomach mountain in your esophagus, you’re likely to it is in in a most discomfort.

“It’s very common,” claims Naveen Narahari, MD, the REX digestive Healthcare. “On any given week, 60 percent of the adult population might have actually some type of reflux. Yet we look closely at patients who have symptoms frequently over the food of a week.”

“Three or much more times a week is reason for concern,” add to Ruth Mokeba, MD, of REX digestive Healthcare, “as well as high soot of symptoms. Us can help these patients enhance their top quality of life and also hopefully minimize their possibilities of developing a more serious disease like Barrett’s stomach or esophageal cancer.”

A complication of long-term GERD, Barrett’s esophagus transforms a patient’s esophageal lining. This tissue damages leads come an raised risk of cancer.

Symptoms of mountain Reflux

If you have acid reflux, you can experience the following:

Burning emotion or discomfort in your chestBurning emotion or uncomfortable in the back of her throatUnpleasant taste in the back of your throatBurpingChronic coughUnpleasant hiccups the seem to bring acid up her throatNauseaProblematic or pains swallowingThrowing up

What reasons Acid Reflux?

When the LES i do not care weakened or relaxed, the is much less protective versus gastric contents, which can circulation backward into the esophagus. The most usual culprits of mountain reflux are lifestyle choices such together overeating, eating before bed or exercising immediately after a large meal. Other causes include:

ObesityToo lot alcohol or coffeeAcidic foodsCigarettesCertain drugs, specifically blood pressure, anti-anxiety and pain medicationsHiatal herniaPregnancy

How come Treat acid Reflux

If you watch a physician or a cradle specialist, the or she will determine what’s causing your discomfort and also then decide how to act it. Diagnostic tests can include an upper endoscopy, in i beg your pardon a long, versatile tube explores the stomach (under sedation), or the esophageal pH test, one outpatient procedure in i m sorry the patience wears a small probe because that 24 hrs to detect the amount of acid being produced.

Once GERD is confirmed, treatments include lifestyle changes, medications and also surgery.

Lifestyle changes:

Quit smokingLose weightWear looser clothesAvoid food because that a pair of hours before bedtimeProp you yourself up contempt to sleep rather of lied flatEat smaller sized mealsStay upright for three hrs after a meal


Over-the-counter antacids come neutralize the acid in her stomach (such together Maalox, Mylanta and Rolaids)Prescription antacidsH2 blockers that reduce the quantity of mountain your stomach makes (such as Zantac 360 and Pepcid)Proton-pump inhibitors that further reduce the amount of acid your stomach produces and are accessible both over the counter and also by prescription (such as Prilosec, Nexium and also Prevacid)Prokinetics that assist clear stomach contents and strengthen the LES (such as Reglan)

Other therapies:

Upper endoscopy, in addition to help diagnose GERD, have the right to be provided to tighten the LES or resolve a hiatal hernia

If you’re enduring from acid reflux, talk to your doctor around your alternatives or find a doctor near you.



Naveen Narahari, MD Gastroenterologist in ~ REX cradle HealthcareREX digestive Healthcare

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Naveen Narahari, MD, is a gastroenterologist at REX cradle Healthcare and also sees patients at the Raleigh and Wakefield locations. He specialization in advanced therapeutic procedures, consisting of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and also endoscopic ultrasound.

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Ruth Mokeba, MDGastroenterologist at REX cradle HealthcareREX digestive Healthcare

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Ruth Mokeba, MD, is a gastroenterologist in ~ REX digestive Healthcare and sees patients at the Raleigh and also Holly Springs locations. She specializes in inflammatory bowel an illness and therapies because that irritable bowel syndrome.