Voting is an American principle and also a straightforward democratic appropriate that have to be protected, promoted, and practiced, i m sorry is why many people space surprised to discover that the U.S. Constitution offers no explicit right to vote. This pipeline voting rights fragile to the whims of politicians, and also some citizens with fewer legal rights than others.

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More than a decade ago, gendergeek.org became the leading institutional voice calling for the establishment of an explicit individual appropriate to vote in the U.S. Constitution. We think that a grassroots activity to create such one amendment would go a long means in finishing the "voting wars" that afflict us today. gendergeek.org proceeds to serve as a trusted source in assistance of activists, organizations, and elected officials working towards a appropriate to vote amendment. V our promote Our vote project, we work-related to build widespread support for a best to poll amendment, while advocating for pro-suffrage advancements at the local level. 


Why We need a appropriate to poll Amendment

Even as the climbing American electorate benefit momentum, new regressive laws, rulings, and maneuvers room threatening voting rights without dealing with the strictly scrutiny that would certainly come through an affirmative best to vote in the Constitution. 

In 2013, the supreme Court struck down ar 4 that the Voting rights Act (VRA), stripping the Justice department of the powers it had actually for five decades to curb racial discrimination in voting. The Election assistance Commission to be left without commissioners for years and also frequently faces bills in Congress that would finish its visibility entirely. Countless schools skip civics education, contributing come the decrease in voter turnout in local and primary elections.

Enshrining an explicit appropriate to vote in the Constitution would certainly guarantee the voting rights of every citizen of poll age, ensure the every poll is counted correctly, and also defend versus attempts to effectively disenfranchise standard voters. It would certainly empower conference to spreading minimum electoral standards to guarantee a higher degree of legitimacy, inclusivity, and also consistency across the nation, and also give our courts the authority to keep politicians in inspect when they shot to video game the vote for partisan reasons.


The Constitution has been amended 27 times. Not included the bill of Rights, 7 the the critical 17 constitution amendments have dealt straight with broadening the franchise and also improving the method citizens vote. 

Contrary to popular belief, over there is not an affirmative best to vote in the U.S. Constitution

While the U.S. Structure bans the limit of voting based upon race, sex and age, the does not explicitly and also affirmatively state the all U.S. Citizens have a right to vote. The can be fried Court ruled in Bush v. Gore in 2000 the citizens do not have the right to vote for electors for president. States control voting policies and procedures, and as a result, we have actually a patchwork that inconsistent voting rules run individually by 50 states, 3,067 counties and over 13,000 vote districts, every separate and unequal. 

Millions of Americans are permanently barred indigenous voting

Approximately 5 million americans convicted that felonies that have currently completed your sentences room permanently disenfranchised. Fourteen states perform not have actually an automatically restoration procedure in ar for returning citizens who have actually completed their sentences. Part states favor Florida leaving re-enfranchisement decision to the discretion of public officials, discretion which might be exercised arbitrarily or provided for political gain.However, that is not only ex-felons that face challenge registering come vote. Americans life overseas have trouble registering in their home district, due to the fact that their state might not think about them inhabitants anymore. Many college college student attempting to it is registered at your college precinct have confronted voter intimidation or were simply refused the capability to it is registered to vote. Such obstacles room not only arbitrary, however in many situations politically motivated.The best to vote Amendment will guarantee every American citizens at the very least 18 years of age a constitutionally defended individual ideal to vote. Lot like the civil liberties to speech and also religion, a constitutionally protected right come vote will certainly be complicated to limit without mirroring a strong need for the limitation to exist.

State authority over voting create unnecessary poll difficulties

Voting must be a simple procedure in which any registered citizen can easily participate. However, this is not constantly the case. Voter identification and registration requirements, and also the equipments that voter use, vary widely between states. States and counties design their own ballots, go after their very own voter education, and have near-complete government over your state vote policies and procedures. With over 10,000 various jurisdictions, voters and also potential voters space much more likely to actors a counted vote in some states, some counties, and also some areas of the country than others, simply based upon the distinction in criter for every election. Poll in plenty of states space rife with lost and also incorrectly counted votes, and many voter are wrongly told the they cannot cast a ballot. 

Since voting is regulated by the states, over there is small the national government can do if voters space intimidated or harassed at the polling booth. V the supreme Court"s 2013 decision to strike down section 4 that the Voting rights Act, and Congress"s unwillingness to act to restore crucial components the the Act, a appropriate to poll Amendment is needed to additional enforce voting rights.

Congress is powerless to collection national standards

At present, Congress have the right to take no activity to formally assist improve voting standards throughout the nation. While the aid America poll Act (HAVA) the 2002, i m sorry passed in response to the voting fiasco that the 2000 presidential elections, does establish some standards consisting of a provisional ballot, says are not compelled to follow this policies. The only method to ensure that every poll is counted and also that electors follow the will of the people of their state is to produce a constitutionally defended right come vote. The ideal to vote Amendment will give Congress the authority to defend the individual right to vote and oversee voting policies and procedures come ensure the elections room fair, accurate and also efficient.


The Bill: residence Joint Resolution 74

U.S. Residence Members mark Pocan, amongst a variety of other co-sponsors, has actually shown an excellent leadership in introducing house Joint Resolution 74 (H.J. Res. 74), a bill the would develop an explicit right to vote in the Constitution. Review gendergeek.org"s policy short on the appropriate to poll amendment. See the message of the bill below:

SECTION 1. Every citizen of the united States, who is of legit voting age, shall have actually the fundamental right to poll in any kind of public election hosted in the jurisdiction in i beg your pardon the citizens resides.

SECTION 2. Conference shall have actually the power to enforce and also implement this write-up by appropriate legislation.



Right to poll Resources


RightToVoteAmendment.com - gendergeek.org"s source hub top top the ideal to vote Amendment

PromoteOurVote.com - gendergeek.org"s project to advance suffrage and also civic engagement in communities in the heart of a constitutionally guaranteed ideal to vote

gendergeek.org Policy Brief on the appropriate to poll Amendment






Academic Papers



History the the ideal to Vote

Throughout the background of the joined States, vote rights have actually been broadened repeatedly by constitutional Amendments and legislation. As soon as the Constitution was written, many of the Framers walk not think in universal suffrage. However, together we have advanced as a society, traditionally disenfranchised groups, consisting of women and also racial minorities, have received voting legal rights through constitutional Amendments. Of the 17 Amendments ratified since the bill of civil liberties in 1791, 7 have broadened voter eligibility or increased democratic participation. Enshrining an affirmative appropriate to vote in the Constitution would certainly be one much more step toward universal suffrage and equal voting legal rights for all.

The history of Voting legal rights (PDF)


gendergeek.org"s "Promote our Vote" Project

At the regional level, gendergeek.org rallies support for a constitutional ideal to vote through its encourage Our poll Project, a pilot program most active in Maryland. That unique adjust platform functions in partnerships to development resolutions at the organizational, campus, and also local level in support of one explicit right to vote in the U.S. Constitution, and also concrete changes in practices and policy to ensure fair and equitable poll rights. The program’s leadership consists of two dozen voting civil liberties experts and advocates.

Maryland Resolutions

Based in Maryland, gendergeek.org’s promote Our Vote job has functioned with local elected officials to develop support because that city and also county right to vote resolutions.

Montgomery County, Prince George’s County, and also the City that Takoma Park have actually each happen resolutions calling because that an explicit right to vote in the constitution and other national voting rights plan changes, such together the passage of the Voting rights Amendment Act.

These localities have actually a collective populace of about two million residents.

Montgomery County and also Takoma Park resolutions led the way for appropriate to poll task forces to make policy recommendations and also produce reports for current municipal elections.

Florida Resolutions

gendergeek.org’s encourage Our poll Project provides services to partners in Florida as they breakthrough right to vote resolutions across the state.

The university of Florida and Palm beach State college passed appropriate to poll resolutions v their student governments.

These universities have a merged enrollment of over 70,000 students.

These resolutions supported a national and also state ideal to vote. They also sought practices and policies that boost the voting process for students.

gendergeek.org’s promote Our vote Project functioned with Florida New majority to introduce and also successfully pass a right to vote resolution in north Miami.






I have never had actually a problem voting. Don’t we currently have a right to vote?

American adults living in states generally can vote, yet they execute not have a federally protected right to poll enshrined in the Constitution. States defend the appropriate to poll to various degrees based upon the state’s constitutional language and also statutes. The federal government traditionally only steps in to prevent specific broad abuses, such as denying the right to vote based on race (15th Amendment), sex (19th Amendment), or period (26th Amendment).

In most states, counties style their own ballots, go after their very own voter education, have actually their own policies for managing overseas ballots, hire and also train their very own poll workers, choose polling ar locations, and also maintain their very own voter it is registered lists. States have wide leeway in determining plans on absentee voting, polling hours and funding the elections. Together a result, voters and also potential voters have various experiences going with the registration and also voting procedure depending on where they live. These distinctions can it is in even an ext pronounced in some neighborhood elections since of varying levels of federal and state support.

States also currently have actually the strength to clearly limit the franchise. Current data reflects states have actually chosen come deny nearly six million American citizen the best to vote due to the fact that of felony convictions, consisting of millions that have fully paid their debt to society. Part states also deny details classes of overseas voters the ideal to vote.


Don’t citizens have actually a best to poll in presidential elections?

Not necessarily. Short article II the the structure reads in part: “Each state shall appoint, together manner together the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors…” In other words, it is the state legislature and also not the citizen of a certain state that identify which presidential candidate receives the state’s electoral votes. In the early years of the country, numerous state legislatures in reality appointed electors come the Electoral College, fairly than hold popular elections in their state. In the 2000 bush v. Gore decision, 5 justices declared, “The separation, personal, instance citizen has no commonwealth constitutional right to poll for electors because that the chairman of the United claims unless and until the state legislature choose a statewide election as the way to perform its power to appoint members of the Electoral College.” The Court went on come say the Florida’s legislature has actually the power to take that strength away native the human being at any kind of time, regardless of the famous vote tally.

In addition, it take it a constitutional amendment in 1961 to permit residents of Washington, D.C. To vote for president. But the millions of American citizens living in territories prefer Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam quiet cannot poll for president.


What governmental problems perform we have with voting in the unified States and also how will a constitution amendment help?

Without national standards, claims are complimentary to develop their very own voting policies and procedures, which deserve to limit or restrict a citizen’s capability to vote. Only clear criter will ensure that every vote counts. Says would be organized accountable for to run fair elections, and the federal government would it is in responsible for ensuring that funds were accessible to accomplish those high standards.

According to a research of the 2008 presidential election created by the cooperative Congressional election Survey, led through the Massachusetts institute of Technology, 2-4 million registered voters were “discouraged” from voting due to the fact that of governmental hassles, such as long lines, voter identification, and also problems obtaining an absentee ballot. The very same study reports an approximated 9 million eligible civilization attempted to register yet failed as result of voter registration obstacles like let go deadlines and also changes the residence. A Constitutional appropriate to vote will offer Congress vast discretion in setting standards to ensure greater equality in choice administration.


What groups of Americans would certainly be protected by a ideal to vote amendment?

Legislation to create a appropriate to vote claims that all American citizen who space of voting age have one individual best to poll “in any public election organized in the jurisdiction in which the citizens resides.” The federal federal government would protect this individual right to vote, therefore making that more difficult for claims or localities come disenfranchise groups or maintain procedures the make that unnecessarily an overwhelming for citizens to vote. It would certainly enfranchise every those who had been stripped of the right to vote as result of a felony conviction and would wrap the means for voter in Washington, D.C. To poll for a federal representative and Senators. In general, it would certainly create much more ways for people to ensure the their county and also state use steps that give citizens’ the capacity to vote.


Will citizens in the areas (Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands and also Guam) be able to vote for president?

At present, occupants of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and also Guam are all citizens of the U.S. They salary taxes and also can it is in drafted into the military, but do no vote for president. When this amendment would certainly not specifically provide citizens that the territories the right to vote automatically, that does open the doorway because that them to acquire the ability to poll for president.


What around American Samoa?

Residents of American Samoa space not actually American citizens; they space nationals. Existing legislation to create a best to vote specifies that only American citizens would have actually a ideal to vote, so nationals would certainly not be included.


Will non-citizens and 16-year-olds be able to vote?

Under this revised the decision about expanding the franchise to non-citizens and also 16- and also 17-year-olds would continue to be within states’ jurisdiction.


Does the amendment get rid of the Electoral College?

The amendment does no specifically talk about the Electoral College. However, by heralding that every U.S. Citizen has actually a constitutional right to vote, that does put the groundwork because that an argument against the Electoral College. But if the Electoral college remains, the amendment would bind state legislatures to appoint presidential electors based upon the popular vote the the people.


How is this amendment various from the help America poll Act (HAVA)?

The help America vote Act of 2002 to be a state passed in solution to the Florida election debacle and also the systemic poll irregularities seen throughout the nation after the 2000 presidential election. This act creates some helpful standards. Because that example, it has section on provisional ballots that enables a person to actors a vote if the human being believes that or she is registered yet does not appear on the voter it is registered of that precinct. However, HAVA falls short since it walk not set guidelines for just how those provisional ballots need to be counted.

Furthermore, the act does nothing for the millions of Americans who are permanently disenfranchised in a dozen states since they are ex-felons. The does not protect against states from incorrectly purging voters or engaging in other tasks that limit the franchise. Fundamentally, it does not approve a right to vote. Claims still have actually the government to straight electors to poll for a candidate that the legislature’s choice. A constitutionally protected right to vote is the only method to ensure that every American will be protected.


Does the amendment insurance statehood for Washington, DC?

The appropriate to poll Amendment does no specifically speak to for statehood because that Washington, D.C. And its fifty percent million residents. However, the amendment go guarantee the all Americans that reside in ours nation’s capital have a constitutionally safeguarded individual ideal to vote, which could lead the means to full representation in Congress.

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Is the ideal to poll a partisan issue?

No. The supreme Court and also many the our leaders from across the spectrum have actually affirmed the prominence of the right to vote. Some may mistakenly believe that the amendment bring away authority away from the states and also moves it come the federal level, yet in reality the amendment only ensures says meet details clear requirements in exactly how they protect the right to vote. By ensuring the every American has an individual right to vote that is protected by the Constitution, this amendment creates voting as an individual right, not simply a privilege offered by the states.