2020 conference Elections election Date November 3, 2020 U.S. Senate poll by StateAlabama • Alaska • Arizona (special) • Arkansas • Colorado • Delaware • Georgia • Idaho • Illinois • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Montana • Nebraska • new Hampshire • brand-new Jersey • new Mexico • phibìc Carolina • Oklahoma • Oregon • Rhode Island • south Carolina • south Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Virginia • West Virginia • Wyoming U.S. Residence Elections by StateAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • new Hampshire • new Jersey • new Mexico • new York • north Carolina • north Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • southern Carolina • southern Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming

A complete of 470 seats in the U.S. Conference (35 Senate seats and all 435 home seats) were up for election on November 3, 2020, including two unique elections because that U.S. Senate.

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Elections spanned on this web page may have been affected by the coronavirus pandemic. Come read more about those elections and changes come them, click here.

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Partisan breakdown

U.S. Senate

Republicans obtained two Senate seat in the 2018 general elections, bringing their bulk up to 53. Democrats held 45 seats following the election, and independents that caucus v Democrats held two.

U.S. Senate Partisan Breakdown Party As of January 3, 2019 ~ the 2020 ElectionTotal 100 100
     democratic Party 45 48<1>
     Republican Party 53 50
     Independent 2 2<1>
     Vacancies 0 0

U.S. House

Following the 2018 basic elections, the democratic Party got a bulk in the U.S. House. Democrats last controlled the chamber during the 111th conference from 2009 to 2011.

The democratic Party necessary to choose up 23 seats in November 2018 to success the chamber.<2> They gained a net total of 40 seats.

U.S. House Partisan Breakdown Party As of November 3, 2020 after the 2020 ElectionTotal 435 435
     autonomous Party 232 222
     Republican Party 197 213
     Libertarian Party 1 0
     Vacancies 5 0

Historical party control

The charts below show historical partisan malfunction information for each chamber.

U.S. Senate

See also: United states Senate elections, 2020

There were 12 democratic seats and 23 Republican seats up for election in 2020. In 2014, the Republican Party picked up ripe seats, resulting in their having an ext seats to defend in 2020. The map listed below shows what seats to be up because that election and the incumbent heading right into the choice in each race.

U.S. House

See also: united States home of representatives elections, 2020

All 435 U.S. Home seats were up for election.

Candidate breakdown

The following shows a failure of candidates who had actually filed for 2020 U.S. House and also Senate poll by party as of respectable 17, 2020.

Annual congressional Competitiveness Report, 2020

See also: yearly Congressional Competitiveness Report, 2020

gendergeek.org"s yearly Congressional Competitiveness report for 2020 has information on the number of elections featuring candidates native both major parties, the number of open seats, and also more.


Click here to see the complete report.

Incumbents that didn"t look for re-election in 2020

See also: perform of U.S. Conference incumbents that did not run because that re-election in 2020

Four U.S. Senators and also 36 U.S. To represent did not run because that re-election.

U.S. Senate

Retiring indigenous public office, 2020 name Party State day announced 2020 winner"s party
Lamar Alexander Republican
Mike Enzi Republican
Pat Roberts Republican
Tom Udall Democratic

U.S. House

Thirty-six representatives did not look for re-election to their U.S. House seats (not including those that left office early):

The chart listed below shows the variety of announced retirements through party over time beginning in January 2019.

Incumbents who retired native public office

Retiring from public office, 2020 name Party Seat date announced 2020 winner"s party Party change?
Rob Woodall DemocraticYes
Jose Serrano DemocraticNo
Dave Loebsack RepublicanYes
Susan Brooks RepublicanNo
Paul Mitchell RepublicanNo
Pete Olson RepublicanNo
Martha Roby RepublicanNo
Mike Conaway RepublicanNo
Will Hurd RepublicanNo
Kenny Marchant RepublicanNo
John Shimkus RepublicanNo
Bill Flores RepublicanNo
Susan Davis DemocraticNo
Jim Sensenbrenner RepublicanNo
Mac Thornberry RepublicanNo
Nita Lowey DemocraticNo
Francis Rooney RepublicanNo
Greg Walden RepublicanNo
Peter Visclosky DemocraticNo
Peter King RepublicanNo
George Holding DemocraticYes
Ted Yoho RepublicanNo
Mark Walker DemocraticYes
Phil Roe RepublicanNo
Ralph Abraham RepublicanNo
Justin Amash RepublicanYes

Incumbents who sought various other offices

U.S. Residence members who ran because that President running for president, 2020 name Party Seat day announced 2020 winner"s party Party change?
Tulsi Gabbard DemocraticNo
U.S. Residence members who sought a chair in the U.S. Senate to run for Senate, 2020 surname Party Seat date announced 2020 winner"s party Party change?
Bradley Byrne RepublicanNo
Ben beam Lujan DemocraticNo
Roger Marshall RepublicanNo
Joseph Kennedy III DemocraticNo
Doug Collins RepublicanNo
U.S. Home members who ran for governor running for governor, 2020 name Party Seat date announced 2020 winner"s party Party change?
Greg Gianforte RepublicanNo
U.S. House members who ran for another office running for an additional office, 2020 name Party Seat date announced 2020 winner"s party Party change?
Paul Cook RepublicanNo
Denny Heck<5> DemocraticNo
Rob Bishop<6> RepublicanNo

Historical comparison

The complying with table includes figures ~ above Democratic and also Republican members of Congress who either left office throughout their hatchet or announced the they would certainly not look for re-election for each election year since 2012.

Outgoing members that Congress, 2012-2018YearChamberDemocrats no seeking re-electionRepublicans no seeking re-electionTotal no seeking re-electionDemocrats leave office earlyRepublicans leave office earlyTotal leave office early
U.S. Senate 0 3 3 1 2 3
U.S. Residence 18 34 52 3 14 17
Total 18 37 55 4 16 20
U.S. Senate 3 2 5 0 0 0
U.S. Residence 16 24 40 2 5 7
Total 19 26 45 2 5 7
U.S. Senate 5 2 7 3 2 5
U.S. Home 16 25 41 3 6 9
Total 21 27 48 6 8 14
U.S. Senate 6 3 10<7> 0 0 0
U.S. Home 23 20 43 4 1 5
Total 29 23 53 4 1 5


U.S. Senate

See also: U.S. Senate battlegrounds, 2020

gendergeek.org identified 16 races as general election battlegrounds. That the 16 seats, 4 had democratic incumbents and also 12 had actually Republican incumbents heading right into the election.

These battleground seats were selected by examining the results of the 2016 presidential election in the state, whether the incumbent was seeking re-election, and whether the incumbent was serving his or her an initial term in the Senate. Gyeongju ratings native the chef Political Report, Sabato"s decision Ball, and Inside Elections v Nathan Gonzales were also considered. For more information on ours methodology, click here.

The following map screens the 2020 Senate battlegrounds shaded through the incumbent"s or many recent incumbent"s political affiliation. Hover over a state for much more information.

Battleground U.S. Senate elections, 2020 State Incumbent open up seat? 2014 margin 2016 presidential margin 2020 choice result
Alabama Martha McSally No R+13.0<8>R+3.5 D+2.4
Colorado David Perdue No R+7.7 R+5.2 D+1.2
Georgia (special) Joni serious No R+8.3 R+9.4 R+6.5
Kansas Mitch McConnell No R+15.5 R+29.8 R+19.6
Maine Gary Peters No D+13.3 R+0.2 D+1.7
Minnesota Steve Daines No R+17.7 R+20.5 R+10.0
brand-new Hampshire Thom Tillis No R+1.6 R+3.7 R+1.8
south Carolina man Cornyn No R+27.2 R+9.0 R+9.6

U.S. House

See also: U.S. Home battlegrounds, 2020

Democrats lost seats however maintained your majority, to win 222 seats to Republicans" 213.

gendergeek.org determined 41 that the 435 residence races (9.4%) as battlegrounds. Of the 41 seats, 20 had autonomous incumbents, 20 had actually Republican incumbents, and one had actually a Libertarian incumbent. For more information on our methodology because that identifying battlegrounds, click here.

The adhering to map screens the 2020 residence battlegrounds shaded through the incumbent"s or most recent incumbent"s political affiliation. Float over a state for more information.

Battleground U.S. House elections, 2020 district Incumbent open seat? 2018 margin
Arizona"s 6th French Hill No R+6.3
California"s 21st Mike Garcia NoD+8.7
Florida"s 26th Lucy McBathNoD+1.0
Georgia"s 7th Rodney DavisNoR+0.8
Indiana"s 5th Abby FinkenauerNoD+5.1
Iowa"s 2nd Cindy AxneNoD+2.2
Maine"s 2nd
Justin Amash
yes R+11.2
Michigan"s 6th Elissa SlotkinNoD+3.8
Minnesota"s 1st Collin PetersonNoD+4.3
Missouri"s 2nd Don BaconNoR+2.0
brand-new Jersey"s 2nd Andrew KimNoD+1.3
brand-new Jersey"s 7th Xochitl Torres SmallNoD+1.9
brand-new York"s 2nd Max RoseNoD+6.5
new York"s 22nd Steve ChabotNoR+4.4
Oklahoma"s 5th Scott PerryNoR+2.6
Pennsylvania"s 17th Joe CunninghamNoD+1.4
Texas" 21st Pete OlsonYesR+4.9
Texas" 23rd Kenny MarchantYesR+3.1
Texas" 25th Ben McAdamsNoD+0.3
Virginia"s 2nd Denver Riggleman Yes R+6.6
Virginia"s 7th Tom Marino Walter Jones<11> Robert Pittenger Elijah Cummings Katie Hill Sean Duffy kris Collins john Lewis Martha McSally<14> Kelly Loeffler<15> democrats democrats Democrats 4 7
Democrats 12 14
Jesse L. Jackson, Jr. Tim Scott Jo Ann Emerson john Kerry frank Lautenberg Rodney Alexander Ed Markey Jo Bonner C. W. Invoice Young Trey Radel Daniel Inouye Jim DeMint Melvin Watt Tom Coburn Eric Cantor Rob andrew Michael Grimm Alan Nunnelee Aaron Schock john Boehner Chaka Fattah note Takai Ed Whitfield Mike Pompeo Ryan Zinke Xavier Becerra Tom Price Mick Mulvaney Jason Chaffetz Jeff Sessions Tim Murphy Trent Franks Blake Farenthold Patrick Tiberi man Conyers Jr. Al Franken Thad Cochran Louise Slaughter Patrick Meehan Charlie Dent Tom Marino Walter Jones Dan Bishop R+2 N/A
Maryland"s 7th Congressional ar April 28, 2020 Kweisi Mfume D+49 D+55
California"s 25th Congressional ar may 12, 2020 Mike Garcia R+10 D+9
Wisconsin"s 7th Congressional district may 12, 2020 Tom Tiffany R+14 R+22
brand-new York"s 27th Congressional district June 23, 2020 Christopher Jacobs R+5 R+0<22>
U.S. Senate in Arizona November 3, 2020 mark Kelly D+2 R+13
unique elections, 1986-2012

The table listed below presents the results of one-of-a-kind elections to congress from 1986 to 2012. Contact gendergeek.org at editor
gendergeek.org for accessibility to previously data.

results of one-of-a-kind elections to congress (1986-2012) election cycle complete special elections U.S. Residence elections Seats transforming partisan manage U.S. Senate poll Seats transforming partisan control
2009-201015103 (2 democratic gains; 1 Republican gain)52 (all Republican gains)
2007-200814123 (2 Republican gains; 1 democratic gain)2None
2005-200612123 (all democratic gains)NoneNone
2001-2002652 (all democratic gains)11 (Republican gain)
1999-2000981 (Republican gain)11 (Democratic gain)
1995-19961191 (Republican gain)21 (Democratic gain)
1993-1994961 (Republican gain)33 (all Republican gains)
1991-19921072 (all Republican gains)31 (Democratic gain)
1989-19901081 (Democratic gain)2None
1987-198812123 (2 democratic gains; 1 Republican gain)NoneNone
1985-1986881 (Republican gain)NoneNone
Total13611721 (11 autonomous gains; 10 Republican gains)199 (6 Republican gains; 3 autonomous gains)

Presidential data

U.S. Senate

U.S. House

The complying with statistics to be compiled using the day-to-day Kos" presidential outcomes by congressional district data. These trends deserve to be offered as an indicator of meant competitive districts in the 2020 elections.<23>

Democrats won house seats in 2018 in 31 districts that Donald trumped (R) lugged in 2016.

U.S. House districts winner by Democrat in 2018 and Donald trump in 2016 district 2018 winner 2018 margin 2016 presidential margin<24> 2012 presidential margin<24>
Arizona"s 1st Lucy McBath D+1.0 Trump+1.5 Romney+23.3
Illinois" 14th Cheri Bustos D+24.2 Trump+0.7 Obama+17
Iowa"s 1st Dave Loebsack D+12.2 Trump+4.1 Obama+13.1
Iowa"s third Jared golden D+1.3 Trump+10.3 Obama+8.6
Michigan"s 8 hours Haley Stevens D+6.7 Trump+4.4 Romney+5.4
Minnesota"s 2nd Collin Peterson D+4.3 Trump+30.8 Romney+9.8
Nevada"s third kris Pappas D+8.6 Trump+1.6 Obama+1.6
New Jersey"s 2nd Andrew Kim D+1.3 Trump+6.2 Obama+4.6
new Jersey"s fifth Mikie Sherrill D+14.6 Trump+0.9 Romney+5.8
new Mexico"s second Max rose D+6.5 Trump+9.8 Obama+4.3
new York"s 18th Antonio Delgado D+5.2 Trump+6.8 Obama+6.2
New York"s 22nd Kendra Horn D+1.4 Trump+13.4 Romney+18.4
Pennsylvania"s 8th Conor Lamb D+12.5 Trump+2.6 Romney+4.5
southern Carolina"s first Ben McAdams D+0.3 Trump+6.7 Romney+37.0
Virginia"s 2nd Abigail Spanberger D+1.9 Trump+6.5 Romney+10.5
Wisconsin"s third Donald trumped man Katko R+6.3 Clinton+3.6 Obama+15.9
Pennsylvania"s first will Hurd R+0.5 Clinton+3.4 Romney+2.6

Important dates and deadlines

See also: United states House autonomous Party primaries, 2020 and United States house Republican Party primaries, 2020

The table listed below lists submit deadlines and also primary dates in each state for autonomous Party and also Republican Party candidates because that congressional and also state-level office.

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Congressional approval rating

See also: gendergeek.org"s Polling Index: congressional approval rating

The congressional approval rating shows public satisfaction in the task performance of the members the the United states Congress. The is the percentage of world polled who responded favorably towards the work of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives.