President Donald Trump has been stoking fears about immigrants in the days leading approximately the midterm elections. He’s tweeted anti-immigrant ads and also threatened come revoke birthright citizenship, other lawmakers top top both sides of the aisle have said would certainly be unconstitutional, together he projects to journey up Republican turnout.

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In a Thursday speech, Trump, a vocal movie critic of illegal immigrant long before he reached the White House, declared it costs the U.S. Billions the dollars each year.

“Illegal immigration harms Americans workers, burdens American taxpayers and also undermines windy safety, and also places huge strains on local schools, hospitals and also communities in general, taking precious resources away from the poorest american who require them most,” trump said.

Immigration has actually an overall positive affect on the long-run financial growth in the U.S.

While Trump’s rhetoric has lately focused on innocuous immigrants, his policies have targeted legal immigration as well. Under his administration, refugee admissions in 2017 to reduce to their lowest due to the fact that at least 2002. Trump signed an executive order tightening restrictions on HB1 vi for professional immigrants. He has actually pushed because that a merit-based immigration system, and also his management has proposed cutting public benefits to legal immigrants.

Trump’s characterization the immigrants, as civilization who drainpipe public resources, however, is not backed by the data. Unauthorized immigrants aren’t usually eligible for federal benefits, because that instance, and also multiple researches have discovered that immigrants help the economic situation grow.

READ MORE: trumped retweets false case on immigrant aid

Here are several of the many widespread myths around how immigrants influence the U.S. Economy, and the study that refutes them.

Myth #1: immigrant take an ext from the U.S. Government than lock contribute

Fact: immigrants contribute much more in tax revenue than they take in government benefits

A 2017 report from the national Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and also Medicine discovered immigration “has an as whole positive impact on the long-run economic growth in the U.S.”

How that breaks under is important.

First-generation immigrants cost the government an ext than native-born Americans, according to the report — about $1,600 per person annually. But second generation immigrants are “among the the strongest fiscal and economic contributors in the U.S.,” the report found. Lock contribute around $1,700 per human per year. All other native-born Americans, including third generation immigrants, contribute $1,300 per year ~ above average.


After gift detained and released by regulation enforcement, undocumented immigrants from main America wait for assistance in a Catholic Charities relief facility in McAllen, Texas. Picture by Loren Elliott/Reuters.

It is difficult to determine the exact cost or contribution of unauthorized immigrants since they room harder to survey, yet the study says they likely have actually a more positive effect than their legal counterparts because they are, top top average, younger and do not qualify because that public benefits.

It’s also important to keep in mind that less-educated immigrants tend to work much more than civilization with the same level of education and learning born in the U.S. About half of all U.S.-born Americans through no high school diploma work, contrasted to around 70 percent that immigrants with the same education level, Giovanni Peri, an business economics professor at the university of California, Davis, stated in a current interview v NewsHour.

WATCH:Proposed immigration plan penalizes legal residents for use of public benefits

In general, more people working means more taxes — and that’s true in its entirety with undocumented immigrants together well. Undocumented immigrants pay an estimated $11.6 billion a year in taxes, follow to the academy on tax & economic Policy.

Undocumented immigrant pay an approximated $11.6 exchange rate a year in taxes.

Immigrants are likewise less likely to take it public benefits 보다 the native-born populace for 2 reasons.

First, to receive most public benefits under the social safety net, immigrants must be lawful permanent citizens for in ~ least five years.

There are around 9 million immigrants that fit that meaning in the U.S. The those, many would no qualify because that welfare or other programs since their incomes room too high.

“While the is really vital to ensure that immigrants and their kids have access to the security net, over there are currently a most eligibility barriers in place,” said Hamutal Bernstein, a senior research combine at the urban Institute.

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Many immigrant are skeptical to take it public benefits even if they space eligible, Peri said.

“There is a small bit the a stigma in using for welfare since they have actually come right here to work, to support their families,” Peri said.

Immigrants deserve to be a financial load to state and local federal governments through the cost of sending their youngsters to public institution — other Trump mentioned Thursday.

But Trump’s insurance claim ignored a an essential point. Educating those youngsters has financial benefits later on down the road when they get better-paying tasks and, in turn, pay higher taxes.

Myth #2: immigrant take American jobs

Fact: immigrants workers often take work that an increase other parts of the economy

Immigrants consist of 17 percent that the U.S. Job force, according to the U.S. Office of labor Statistics, but couple of experts believe they’re taking work from Americans, together Trump claims.

“Most economic experts agree that in spite of being a very large part the the labor force, immigrants have actually not come in ~ the price either that American jobs, no one of American wages,” Peri, the UC Davis professor, said.

The reason is the immigrants often have work that Americans have tendency not come take. So rather of contending with Americans’ because that work, immigrants often tend to match American workers.


Wendy Estrada, a 30-year-old Honduran immigrant maintain to come to be a certified nursing assistant listens to facility at Park West resident Maria Ruvalcaba sing. Immigrants consist of a big share the health treatment aides in the U.S. Photograph by Barbara Davidson/Los Angeles times via Getty Images

On a farm, because that example, owners, managers and also salespeople are regularly born in America. Immigrants tend to work-related as ar hands. No group could do their job without the other.

Immigrants who work as child care providers give Americans, particularly women, more opportunity to join the job force. And immigrants space playing one increasingly an important role in taking care of the elderly as baby boomers retire. Census data mirrors that immigrant accounted because that 24 percent of nursing, psychiatric and home treatment aides in 2015.

WATCH: What taken place when this struggling city opened its arms to refugees

A examine from the bipartisan research organization brand-new American Economy found immigrants were 15 percent more likely to occupational unusual hours than similar U.S.-born workers. They room also an ext likely to be employed in danger jobs, according to data from the American neighborhood Survey and Bureau that Statistics.

In addition, the latest tasks report shows the U.S. Economic climate performing strongly enough that it can absorb big numbers the workers, including immigrants.

Immigrants to fill those duties in component because they are on average much less educated than native-born Americans. About 26 percent have actually less 보다 a high institution degree, contrasted to 5 percent the native-born workers, follow to the metropolitan Institute. Yet one in 3 immigrant workers have actually a university or advanced degree, a rate on par with Americans born here. Innocuous immigrants tend to have actually slightly lower education levels; around 13 percent have college degrees.

Myth #3: The U.S. Economic situation does not require immigrants

Fact: immigrant are key to offsetting a falling bear rate

The U.S. Birth rate is 1.8 births every woman, under from 3.65 in 1960, according to the people Bank. Demographers consider 2.1 births per woman together the rate necessary to replace the currently population.

According to the Pew study Center, if no for immigrants, the U.S. Workforce would be shrinking. That would develop a organize of problems for the federal government.

If not for immigrants, the U.S. Workforce would certainly be shrinking.

Social Security, which is paid because that by existing workers, would be in even much more serious budgetary trouble than it already is. Economic growth would likewise likely stagnate or even contract, together it has actually in Japan, a nation where the populace is shrinking and also does no attract numerous immigrants.

Automation have the right to buttress financial growth for a while, yet investment in new technology just goes so far, claimed Betsey Stevenson, an combine professor of economics at the university of Michigan.

Plus, immigrants increase need for goods and also services, which further boosts economic growth, she added.

Myth #4: It would be far better for the economy if immigrants’ youngsters were not citizens

Fact: children with citizenship are more productive workers

At his rally Thursday night in Columbia, Missouri, Trump criticize the 14th Amendment, i m sorry was ratified after the civil War and guaranteed citizenship to “all persons born or nature in the joined States,” including civilization who were previously enslaved.

Trump claimed the idea was “a crazy, insane policy” supported by Democrats that today enables “hundreds the thousands of children born to illegal immigrants” to end up being citizens every year.


An undocumented immigrant father from Honduras and his child daughter room released from detention v other family members at a bus depot in McAllen, Texas. A examine of immigrant in Germany found children given citizenship at birth had better health outcomes. Photo by Loren Elliott/Reuters

Research shows that repealing birthright citizenship could have far-ranging negative consequences for the U.S. Economy since children who are citizens have more economic opportunity and rely much less on government assistance.

A Migration policy Institute analysis estimates the number of unauthorized immigrant would rise from 11 million to 16 million by 2050 if birthright citizenship were repealed.

“Over the course of decades, you’d finish up with a growing population that is reduced off native the remainder of culture because castle live in are afraid of deportation and they can’t obtain jobs,” said Randy Capps, the director of research for U.S. Programs at the Migration policy Institute.

Take, because that example, the population of so-called “Dreamers” who were carried to the U.S. Illegally as children. One study estimated the U.S. Is shedding out on $15 billion in financial potential from the group since they often confront problems obtaining into college and getting a job.

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An experiment in Germany, which does not have actually birthright citizenship, additionally showed the when children of immigrants were provided citizenship at birth, those youngsters experienced far better health outcomes and also had fewer children of your own.