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March to November

The daylight saving time (DST) period in the U.S. Starts each year ~ above the second Sunday in March as soon as clocks are set forward by one hour. They are turned back again to typical time top top the an initial Sunday in November together DST ends.

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State legislatures proceed to grapple through the vexing and multifaceted state plan questions regarding the biannual transforming of the clocks. Most all of the claims have thought about legislation end the last numerous years that would location the state permanently top top either conventional time or daylight conserving time. Due to the fact that 2015, at the very least 350 bills and resolutions have been presented in basically every state, but none of meaning passed till 2018, as soon as Florida came to be the first state come enact regulation to permanently watch DST, pending revised of federal legislation to permit such action.

In the last 4 years, 19 states have actually enacted legislation or happen resolutions to carry out for year-round daylight conserving time, if Congress to be to permit such a change, and also in some cases, if surrounding states enact the very same legislation. Due to the fact that federal legislation does not currently enable full-time DST, conference would need to act prior to states could take on changes. The 19 states are:

Alabama, Georgia,Minnesota, Mississippi andMontana (2021).Idaho, Louisiana, Ohio (resolution), southern Carolina, Utah and also Wyoming (2020).Arkansas, Delaware, Maine, Oregon, Tennessee and Washington (2019).Florida (2018; California voters likewise authorized such a change that year, yet legislative activity is pending).

Some states have commissioned researches on the topic consisting of Massachusetts (2017) and Maine (2021).

States v Enacted Legislation/Resolutions to carry out for Year-Round Daylight conserving Time

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Background


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The U.S.had daylight conserving time as early on as 1918, through the present federal plan being spreading in 1966, together the Uniform Time Act. Number of changes arisen along the way, mostly altering the start and end days of DST. The present enactment was component of the energy Policy plot of 2005. The U.S. Room of transport is responsible because that overseeing DST and the country’s time zones. All states yet Hawaii and also Arizona (except the Navajo Nation) watch DST. The regions of American Samoa, Guam, the north Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands likewise do no observe DST. Federal law enables a state to exempt itself from observing daylight conserving time, upon action by the state legislature, but does not enable the permanent observance that DST.

The policy conflict has countless angles. DST was originally enacted together a way to save energy by giving much more daylight in the night hours, however some research studies have called into inquiry the degree of energy savings. Various other studies have actually shown negative impacts top top people’s health and also circadian rhythms due to the fact that of time changes and also a higher number of automobile crashes and workplace injuries in the job after a time change. The transportation Department website says that DST saves energy, conserves lives and also prevents web traffic injuries, and it to reduce crime due to the fact that people have tendency to it is in out and about much more in daylight hrs as opposed to the night when most crimes are committed.

It would seem the a main complaint that those seeking a change from the current situation is the act of time convert itself, and the difficulties that that creates. Opinions are blended on the services of daylight time versus typical time, yet the yes, really March and also November time changes are virtually universally reviled because of all the accompanying adjustments we must make, choose coming home from work-related in the dark and also the slower-than-expected resetting of our internal time clocks. State legislatures have introduced bills over the last several years the would place their states on either side of the issue, either staying on traditional time permanently or making irreversible daylight saving time.


Legislation in 2021

At the very least 33 states have introduced 80 piece of law addressing DST in 2021. That those, 19 states are at this time considering 45 piece of DST-related legislation, and at least six states—Alabama, Georgia, Maine, Minnesota, Mississippi and Montana—have spread legislation. Most of the proposed steps would develop DST as the official time year-round, topic to one authorizing federal law and in some instances contingent on surrounding states enacting similar legislation.

The map reflects pending, enacted and also failed bills in 2021.

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Daylight saving Time 2021 Laws, Bills and Resolutions
State

Bill Number

Prime

Sponsor

Status

Summary

Alabama

HB 321 (2021)

Kitchens (R-27)

Failed

Alaska

HB 31

(2021)

Ortiz (I-36)

Pending

Establishes DST together the official time year-round, topic to conference authorization ~ above or prior to Dec. 31, 2030.

Arkansas

HB 1017

(2021)

Rye (R-54)

Pending

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, topic to congressional authorization.
ConnecticutHB 5459 (2021Vail (R-052)FailedRequires the state to embrace Atlantic conventional Time top top the it spreads widely of legislation in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and brand-new York adopting stated time and federal approval that the change.
HB 5877 (2021)Phipps (D-100)FailedRequires the state to embrace Atlantic traditional Time ~ above the it spreads widespread of legislation in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and new York adopting said time and also federal approval of the change.

Georgia

HB 44

(2021)

Cantrell (R-22)

Pending

Establishes DST together the main time year-round, topic to conference authorization.

SB 13

(2021)

Watson (R-1)

Pending

Provides for the holding of a nonbinding, advisory referendum choice to determine whether the qualified electors the the state desire to continue the advance of time from typical time to DST or come observe traditional time or DST year-round.

SB 12

(2021)

Watson (R-1)

Pending

Provides the the state chandelier at every times observe the traditional time the the united States.Exempts the state native daylight saving breakthrough of time provisions that the U.S. Code.

SB 100

(2021)

Watson (R-1)

Enacted

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, topic to conference authorization.

Illinois

HB 216

(2021)

Niemerg (R-109)

Pending

Provides the DST shall be the year-round conventional time the the whole state.

HB 2609

(2021)

Butler (R-87)

Pending

HB 3321

(2021)

Welter (R-75)

Pending

HB 2946

(2021)

Morgan (D-58)

Pending

Establishes DST together the official time year-round.

HB 3527

(2021)

Zalewski (D-23)

Pending

HB 2982

(2021)

Morrison (R-54)

Pending

HR 118

(2021)

Sosnowski (R-69)

Pending

Urges congress to enact long-term DST.

Iowa

SF 8

(2021)

Zaun (R-20)

Pending

Establishes DST as the official time in the state throughout the year.

SF 335

(2021)

Senate State government Committee

Pending

Establishes DST as the main time in the state throughout the year.Takes result when the states of Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, south Dakota and Wisconsin have all adopted DST together the official time transparent the year or enacted law substantially similar to this bill prior to July 1, 2031.

Kansas

HB 2060

(2021)

House Federal and also State to work Committee

Pending

Establishes DST together the main time year-round, subject to conference authorization.

HCR 5008

(2021)

Francis (R-125)

Pending

Urges conference to prolong DSTthroughout the year because that the entirety nation.
MaineLD 826 (2021)Bennett (R-19)EnactedDirects the university of Maine mechanism to research the potential impacts of the state adopting Atlantic typical Time.

Maryland

HB 1013

(2021)

Crosby (D-29B)

FailedEstablishes DST together the main time year-round, topic to congressional authorization.Makes the legislation contingent on similar legislation gift enacted by all of the states and also the district of Columbia.

SB 840

(2021)

Ready (R-5)

Failed

Establishes DST together the official time year-round, topic to conference authorization.
MassachusettsSB 2073 (2021)Keenan (D-Norfolk; Plymouth)PendingEstablishes Atlantic standard Time as the standard time and exempts the state indigenous the adjust to DST.

Michigan

HB 4052

(2021)

Hoitenga (R-102)

Pending

Establishes DST together the official time year-round, subject to congressional authorization.Becomes effective upon comparable laws passed about permanently observing DST in Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and also Wisconsin.
SB 231 (2021)Irwin (D-18)PendingEstablishes DST as the main time year-round.Becomes effective subject to congressional authorization and also when Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania have adopted year-round DST observance.
Minnesota

SF 2a

(2021)

Kiffmeyer (R-30)

Enacted

Provides for advanced standard time, additionally known together DST, year-round reliable upon authorization by commonwealth law.

HF 72

(2021)

Freiberg (DFL-45B)

Pending

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, subject to congressional authorization.

SF 149

(2021)

Kiffmeyer (R-30)

Pending

SF 1831 (2021)Kiffmeyer (R-30)FailedAuthorizes the state come observe progressed standard time year-round.

Mississippi

SCR 506

(2021)

Blackwell (R-19)

Pending

Expresses the intent of the Mississippi legislature to observe DST year-round.

HB 269

(2021)

Zuber (R-113)

Failed

Establishes DST together the main time year-round, subject to conference authorization.

HB 494

(2021)

Byrd (R-104)

Failed

HB 1062

(2021)

Arnold (R-3)

Pending

HCR 28

(2021)

Arnold (R-3)

Pending

Urges congress to enact law to enable states to watch DST year-round.

Missouri

HB 617

(2021)

Rogers (D-18)

Failed

Establishes the “Daylight conserving as new Standard Time Pact,” consist of of Missouri and also any various other state desiring to abstain indigenous observing DST.Provides that in the year in i beg your pardon at least 20 states have passed law entering those states into the Daylight conserving as brand-new Standard Time Pact, each state shall move clocks come daylight saving for the critical time and DST shall it is in eliminated.

HB 780

(2021)

Rogers (D-18)

Failed

States the Missouri will observe main Standard Time and also not DST regardless of what federal legislation requires.

HB 822

(2021)

O’Donnell (R-95)

Failed

Establishes the Daylight saving as new Standard Time Pact,consisting the Missouri and any other state seeking to adjust permanently to DST.Exempts the state native DST provisions under commonwealth law.Provides that in the year in which two states bordering Missouri join the pact, each state will certainly permanently readjust its clocks come DST, and this time will end up being the typical time.

HB 848

(2021)

Sander (R-33)

Failed

Establishes the Daylight saving as brand-new Standard Time Pact,consisting that this state and any other state desiring to abstain from observation of daylight saving time.Exempts the state native DST provisions under commonwealth law.Provides the in the year in i m sorry a majority of claims bordering Missouri have passed regulation entering those states into the pact, every state will certainly switch clocks come daylight conserving for the last time and DST will certainly be eliminated.
MontanaHB 254 (2021)McNally (D)

Enacted

Authorizes year-round mountain Daylight Time contingent on approval through U.S. Dot or congress and comparable action in other states. Exempts the state and also its political subdivisions from mountain Standard Time

HB 538

(2021)

Duram (R-2)

Failed

SJR 17

(2021)

Bennett (D-50)

Adopted

Urges conference to enact law to allow states to observe DST year-round.

Nebraska

LB 283

(2021)

Briese (NP-41)

Pending

Establishes DST together the official time year-round, subject to conference authorization or any kind of order of the U.S. Secretary of transportation or are no longer in conflict with the laws of the United claims or any type of order that the U.S. Secretary the transportation and if three adjacent states take on laws for a single year-round conventional of time.
NevadaSB 153 (2021)Hardy (R-12)FailedTo the degree not inconsistent v federal regulation or if otherwise authorized by commonwealth law, the state the Nevada and all political subdivisions thereof shall watch Pacific Daylight Time together the typical time because that the entire calendar year.

New Hampshire

HB 85

(2021)

Yokela (R-Rockingham 33)

Failed

Provides that brand-new Hampshire will usage Atlantic traditional Time throughout the calendar year if Massachusetts and Maine additionally move come AST.

New Jersey

SB 420

(2020)

Turner (D-15)

Pending

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, subject to conference authorization.

AB 3868

(2020)

Wimberly (D-35)

Pending

New Mexico

SB 102

(2021)

Pirtle (R-32)

Failed-Adjourned

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, topic to conference authorization.
SM 27 (2021)Pirtle (R-32)Failed-AdjournedUrges congress to support irreversible DST nationwide.

New York

SB 1876

(2021)

Skoufis (D-39)

Pending

Directs the secretary of state come develop and submit an application to the federal federal government requesting that new York observe Atlantic conventional Time.Becomes effective upon the i of similar legislation in Connecticut, brand-new Jersey and Pennsylvania about a switch to Atlantic traditional Time.

AB 3837

(2021)

Vanel (D-33)

Pending

Establishes a task force on DST to study the effects of brand-new York opting out of DST.

SB 3813

(2021)

Griffo (R-47)

Pending

Establishes DST as the official time year-round, subject to congressional authorization.

AB 5791

(2021)

Morinello (R-145)

Pending

Takes impact Jan. 1, 2024.
AB 7258 (2021)Zebrowski (D-096)PendingDirects the secretary of state come develop and submit an applications to the federal federal government requesting that new York observe Atlantic traditional Time. The legislation would only take result if Connecticut, new Jersey and also Pennsylvania pass comparable legislation.

North Carolina

SB 39

(2021)

Sawyer (R-34)

Pending

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, subject to conference authorization.
HB 307 (2021)Saine (R-97)Pending

North Dakota

HB 1321

(2021)

Devlin (R-23)

Failed

Would have actually exempted the state from establishing DST.

SB 2201

(2021)

Heitkamp (R-26)

Failed

Establishes DST as the official time year-round, topic to conference authorization.Becomes effective subject to congressional authorization and also when Minnesota, Montana and also South Dakota each have commenced the observance the DST year-round together the typical time.

HB 1371

(2021)

Devlin (R-23)

Failed

Ohio

SCR 8

(2020)

Roegner (R-27)

Enacted

Urges congress to enact the Sunshine defense Act, which would certainly permanently extend daylight conserving time.

Oklahoma

SB 381

(2021)

Boren (D-16)

Pending

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, topic to congressional authorization.

HB 1660

(2021)

West (R-54)

Pending

Establishes DST as the official time year-round.States the conventional time in Oklahoma chandelier be known as main Daylight Time.

SB 843

(2021)

Stephens (R-3)

Pending

Pennsylvania

HB 335

(2021)

Mackenzie (R-134)

Pending

Establishes DST together the main time year-round, subject to congressional authorization.
HB 846 (2021)Diamond (R-102)PendingProhibits the usage of DST.
SB 384 (2021)Boscola (D-18)Pending
SR 36 (2021)Martin (R-13)PendingUrges congress to prolong DST throughout the year throughout the country.

South Carolina

HB 3111

(2021)

Chumley (R-35)

Pending

Establishes DST as the official time year-round.Directs the state’s attorney general to inquiry a federal waiver native the U.S. Secretary that transportation.

South Dakota

HB 1214

(2021)

Hoffman (R-23)

FailedEstablishes DST as the official time year-round, subject to congressional authorization.

Texas

SJR 13

(2021)

Zaffirini (D-21)

Failed

Proposes a constitution amendment abolishing DST in the state.

HB 1405

(2021)

Larson (R-122)

Failed

Authorizes a statewide referendum enabling voters to indicate a choice for observing conventional time year-round or observing DST year-round.

SB 471

(2021)

Menendez (D-26)

Failed

HJR 78

(2021)

Larson (R-122)

Failed

Proposes a constitution amendment authorizing a statewide referendum enabling voters to suggest a preference for observing conventional time year-round or observing DST year-round.

SJR 30

(2021)

Menendez (D-26)

Failed

HB 1896

(2021)

Schofield (R-132)

Failed

Establishes DST as the main time year-round, subject to congressional authorization.

HJR 94

(2021)

Schofield (R-132)

Faifled

Proposes a constitution amendment requiring thestate to observe DST-round, if authorized by commonwealth law.
HB 73 a (2021)Schofield (R-132)FailedRequires the state, acting as authorized under federal law, to observe DST year-round. Uses to parts of state using main standard time and mountain standard time.
HJR 3 a (2021)Schofield (R-132)FailedProposes a constitutional amendment inquiry the state to watch daylight conserving time year-round.

HB 123 c

(2021)

Larson (R-122)PendingRelates to observing typical time year-round or observing daylight conserving time year-round based upon the results of a statewide referendum.
HJR 17 c (2021)Larson (R-122)PendingProposes a constitutional amendment relating come observing typical time year-round or observing daylight conserving time year-round based on the results of a statewide referendum.

Vermont

HB 168

(2021)

Burditt (R-Rutland-2)

Pending

Exempts the state native observing DST.Becomes effective on Jan.1 that the year following the fostering of year-round “U.S. Eastern conventional Time” in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, brand-new Hampshire and also Rhode Island.

Virginia

HJR 541

(2021)

McNamara (R-8)

Failed

Requests the commonwealth’s secretary of commerce and also trade to examine the results of DST on the commonwealth.

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Wyoming

HB 71

(2021)

Bear (R-31)

Failed

Provides the year-round observed time the the state is mountain Standard Time.Exempts all locations of the state from mountain Daylight Time.

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