Disclosure statement

Philip C. Almond does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or company that would benefit from this article, and has discover no appropriate affiliations past their scholastic appointment.

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Mohammed receiving his very first revelation from the angel Gabriel. Miniature illustration ~ above vellum from the publication Jami’ al-Tawarikh by Rashid al-Din, released in Tabriz, Persia, 1307 CE. Wikimedia pictures

For Jews, God was fully revealed in the Torah (the an initial five books of the Old Testament). The God that the Old testament was both good and evil. He went way beyond the good when he told Abraham to offer his child to God as a scorched sacrifice. He to be a warrior God that murdered the firstborn of Egypt and also drowned the army of Pharaoh. He approved Elijah’s slaughter the the 450 prophets the the old Canaanite God Baal.

Yet the was additionally a compassionate and loving God, one who in the well-known words of Psalm 23 in the book of Psalms was a shepherd who goodness and mercy supported his pendant all the job of their lives. He love Israel like a dad loves his son.

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Hans Meling, Christ offering His Blessing (1478). Wikimedia photos

The God of Jesus in the 4 Gospels in the brand-new Testament had a similarly ambiguous character. Top top the one hand, Jesus spoke of a personal God, introduce to him as “Father” in the prayer the he offered to his disciples. Yet, behind this God that tenderness and love, there stayed a awful God that justice.

Like the prophets that the Old Testament, Jesus preached doom and also gloom. That was providing Israel its last chance and also God would be merciless come those who failed to heed his message. God would certainly come in referee at the end of history. All would then it is in resurrected. The fortunate couple of would obtain eternal happiness, however the wicked majority would be cast into the eternal fires the hell.

So too, with the God the Muhammad. At the end of the world, God would certainly act together a God the justice. All the dead would be resurrected to obtain God’s judgment. God would certainly then price or punishment each human in the gardens of sky or the fires the hell according to your deeds. Each would be presented through a record of his deeds – in the right hand for those to be saved, in the left for those to it is in damned to the fires that hell.

For those that were saved, the delights of paradise awaited. Those who passed away in the cause of Allah, however, walk not have to wait because that the last Judgment. They would go straight to heaven.

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The key to salvation was over all surrender (“islam” in Arabic) come God, obedience to his commands as revealed in the Quran and allegiance to his messenger Muhammad. Favor the God the Moses, Allah to be a lawmaker. The Quran provided (often varied) guidance to the believing ar in problem of marriage and family law, women, inheritance, food and drink, worship and purity, warfare, punishments because that adultery and also false accusations of adultery, alcohol and theft. In short, it listed the foundation of what was later on to be lot elaborated in sharia law.

Muslims, Christians and Jews do all worship the same complicated God. Yet, in spite of this, all believe that their religion has the full and also final revelation the the very same God. Below is the beginning of your unity. Here also lies the reason of their division.

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For this belief in the reality of one religion and also the falsity of the others leader to unpreventable conflict between the believer and the unbeliever, the chosen and the rejected, the saved and also the damned. Here lie the seed of intolerance and violence.

So the God that Muhammad, choose the God the Jesus and also Moses, divides as much as the unites, a reason of strife both between and also within these religions.