After 5 years that simmering emphasize on the korean peninsula, the oriental War started on June 25, 1950, when the Northern korean People"s army invaded southern Korea in a combination general assault at several strategic points follow me the 38th parallel, the line dividing communist north Korea native the non-communist Republic of Korea in the south. Phibìc Korea aimed come militarily dominate South Korea and therefore unify Korea under the communist North oriental regime. Pertained to that the Soviet Union and Communist China could have urged this invasion, chairman Harry S. Truman cursed United claims air, ground, and also naval forces to the an unified United Nations pressures assisting the Republic the Korea in the defense. Chairman Truman designated basic Douglas MacArthur together Commanding general of the United countries Command (UNC).

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The very first several months of the war were characterized by armies advancing and also retreating up and down the oriental peninsula. The initial phibìc Korean attack drove United nations Command pressures to a narrow perimeter approximately the port of Pusan in the southern pointer of the peninsula. ~ the former stabilized in ~ the Pusan perimeter, general MacArthur surprised the north Koreans in September 1950 with an amphibious landing in ~ Inchon behind North korean lines, forcing the phibìc Koreans to retreat behind the 38th parallel.

In October, the joined Nations, urged by the United claims Government, approved the activity of UN forces across the 38th parallel right into North Korea in an initiative to unify the nation under a non-communist government. Despite warnings authorize by the Chinese Government, the united Nations pressures moved towards the Yalu River, marking the North korean border v Manchuria. Discounting the definition of early Chinese assaults in so late October, MacArthur ordered the UNC to launch one offensive, acquisition the pressures to the Yalu. In so late November the Chinese struck in complete strength, advertise the UNC in disarray south of the 38th parallel v the communist forces seizing the South korean capital, Seoul.

In early 1951 the Chinese offensive lost its momentum and the UNC, bolstered by the revitalized 8 hours U.S. Army led by general Matthew B. Ridgway, retook Seoul and advanced back come the 38th parallel. Indigenous July 1951, until the finish of hostilities the fight lines remained relatively stable and the conflict came to be a stalemate. The Truman administration abandoned plans come reunite North and South Korea and instead made decision to pursue restricted goals in order to avoid the feasible escalation that the conflict into a 3rd world war entailing China and also the Soviet Union. When general MacArthur publicly tested the Truman Administration"s conduct of the war, the President, "...concluded that...MacArthur is can not to give his wholehearted support to the policies of the United claims Government..." and also relieved the from command in April 1951, replacing him with general Ridgway.

Acting ~ above a project pledge, President-elect Dwight D. Eisenhower saw Korea ~ above December 2, 1952. After visiting the troops, your commanders and also South oriental leaders, and receiving briefings on the military instance in Korea, Eisenhower concluded, "we could not was standing forever on a static front and continue to expropriate casualties without any kind of visible results. Little attacks on small hills would certainly not end this war." chairman Eisenhower sought an end to hostilities in Korea through a combination of diplomacy and also military muscle-flexing. ~ above July 27, 1953, 7 months after president Eisenhower"s inauguration as the 34th chairman of the unified States, an armistice was signed, finishing organized combat operations and also leaving the oriental Peninsula divided much as it had been due to the fact that the near of civilization War II in ~ the 38th parallel.

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The oriental U.N. "police action" prevented phibìc Korea from imposing that communist dominance on south Korea. Also, the unified States" plot in Korea prove America"s willingness come combat aggression, strengthened chairman Eisenhower"s hand in Europe together he sought come organize European military defense under the phibìc Atlantic contract Organization, and also insured that the United states would go after its army buildup referred to as for in the renowned cold war document, nationwide Security council Policy record No. 68.

Presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower makes 1952 project pledge, “I shall go to Korea.” Speech, October 24, 1952. 

Public opinion ~ above the oriental War, 1953. Memorandum on recent polls, June 2, 1953.

President Eisenhower’s thoughts on the night of the korean Armistice signing. Staff note, august 6, 1953.

The President"s hand-edited draft of his publicly statement on the occasion of the Armistice, July 26, 1953.

President Eisenhower ~ above his administration"s post-Armistice plan toward Korea. Staff note, January 5, 1954.

Additional Information:

The korean War and also its Origins, 1945-1953 (Truman Presidential Library)