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The move sparked numerous protests and legal challenges. A week later on a commonwealth judge in Seattle suspended that nationwide, allowing banned visitors to travel to the united state pending an appeal by the administration.
Mr Trump and also his supporters say the controversial executive order makes good on election assures to "make America great again".
But what is the order, dubbed the "Muslim ban" by those rallying versus it, and who precisely does it affect?
It brings in a suspension that the us Refugee Admissions Programme for 120 daysThere is also an indefinite half on Syrian refugeesAnd anyone arriving from seven Muslim-majority nations - Iraq, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen - encounters a 90-day visa suspension. Part visa categories, such together diplomats and also the UN, are not had in the suspension
The order likewise introduces a cap of 50,000 refugees to be embraced in 2017, versus a limit of 110,000 set by former President Barack ObamaExceptions could be do on a case-by-case basis
All visitors who have nationality the Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and also Yemen room not allowed to enter the united state for 90 days, or be issued one immigrant or non-immigrant visa.
People who have double nationality v a non-restricted nation are not affected, so lengthy as they travel on the passport from the other country.
Under the executive order, eco-friendly Card holders - permanent legal US citizens - from the seven nations were originally subject come the very same restrictions, leading to widespread concern and confusion.
Two work after it to be signed, the department for homeland protection issued a statement speak that permanent legal occupants would be established on a case-by-case basis. But, the said, in the lack of far-reaching information the they make a threat, their permanent legal condition would acquire them entry come the US.
However, ~ above 1 February, Donald McGahn, the legitimate counsel come the president, climate issued a memo saying the take trip ban go not apply to lawful permanent inhabitants of the joined States.
Mr Trump said the halt top top the refugee programme was necessary to offer government agencies time to build a stricter vetting system and ensure that visas were not issued to people posing a nationwide security threat.
"To it is in clear, this is no a Muslim ban, as the media is falsely reporting," the president stated in a statement released on Facebook.
"This is not about religion - this is about terror and keeping our nation safe. There are over 40 different countries worldwide that are majority Muslim that room not influenced by this order."
Syrians applying for resettlement in the us were currently subject come a complicated process of lift investigation and security screenings, in a procedure that could take in between 18 come 24 months.
Mr Priebus claimed the seven nations had been included due to the fact that Congress and the Obama management had figured out them as "the many watched nations harbouring terrorists".
This is gift hotly disputed through the united state court system, with dozens the lawsuits filed, and the problem thought likely to end up in the can be fried Court.
3 February: A Seattle commonwealth judge suspends the stimulate nationwide, in response to a challenge by the Washington State attorney general, who said that the executive order violated a i in the us constitution the prohibits the favouring of one religious beliefs over another.
5 February: A request by mr Trump's management for an instant reinstatement the the bespeak is rejected by the ninth Circuit Court the Appeals in mountain Francisco.
9 February: A three-judge dashboard in the exact same court rule unanimously versus reinstating the ban, ~ hearing arguments from lawyers native the department of Justice and also Washington State.
In a series of tweets due to the fact that the Seattle ruling, mr Trump has actually criticised the suspension, speak the ruling came native a "so-called judge", and that the courts were "making the job an extremely difficult!", and later explicate the courts as "so political". After ~ the mountain Francisco appeals court decision, that tweeted "SEE girlfriend IN COURT".
But in 1965, the us Congress happen the Immigration and also Nationality plot which said that no person can be "discriminated versus in the issuance of an immigrant visa since of the person's race, sex, nationality, location of bear or place of residence".
So, the exclusion of every Syrians would be enough to an obstacle Mr trump card in court. The truth that they are all Muslim countries lends weight to the critics's debate that the bespeak is "anti-Muslim".
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Supporters of grandfather Trump's order mentioned the post-9/11 attacks and also the capability of the administration to take steps to safeguard national security.
And they quote the president's powers stemming native a 1952 legislation on "Inadmissible Aliens" come "suspend the entry" the "any class of aliens" the he finds space detrimental to the interest of the US.
They likewise suggested that united state presidents can collection aside the 1965 law. The most cited example is that of chairman Jimmy Carter who barred part Iranians throughout the 1980 hostage crisis.
The order at first triggered a lot of confusion and uncertainty. Before its short-lived suspension top top Friday, a commonwealth judge authorize a momentary halt come the deportation the visa holders or refugees stranded at us airports. An ext than 100 people were detained in ~ airports or in transit waiting passengers were prevented native boarding US-bound flights American citizens travel to the 7 countries can be detained for questioning also in the future, mr Trump's cook of staff, Reince Priebus, said