Martha Washington was the mam of president George Washington and also the original very first lady the the united States.

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Who was Martha Washington?

Martha Washington married a rich plantation owner before becoming a widow and also inheriting his estate. She wed Colonel George Washington in 1759 and became the very first U.S. An initial lady ~ above his eventual ascendancy to the presidency. Martha was well-known for her aplomb and huge social events, though she actually preferred privacy. She passed away in mount Vernon, Virginia, on may 22, 1802.

Background

Martha Washington to be born Martha Dandridge top top June 2, 1731, in brand-new Kent County, Virginia, on the Chestnut Grove plantation. She to be raised and educated with focus on an abilities seen together integral to to run a household, though additionally taught reading, writing and mathematics.


Marriage and Estate

At 18 years old, Martha wed Daniel Parke Custis, a affluent plantation owner, in 1749. The pair would have 4 children, though only two, Jack and also Patsy, lived previous childhood. Custis himself died in the summer that 1757, and also Martha inherited his 15,000-acre estate.

Meeting George Washington

She later met Colonel George Washington at a Williamsburg, Virginia cotillion, and also the two wed in 1759. Martha and her two youngsters moved to Washington's mount Vernon, Virginia plantation, whereby the family ended up being known for their social events and also upscale lifestyle, though they suffered financial setbacks together well.


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by 1775, Washington had come to be the leader of U.S. Pressures in the Revolutionary War, and Martha later on took increase residence v him in ~ his encampments for prolonged periods the time.

She knowledgeable tremendous loss v the deaths of her two making it through children: Patsy passed away from epilepsy throughout her teens and Jack surrendered to "camp fever" while enlisted together a soldier.

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Nation's very first First Lady

With the swarms achieving their independence and the U.S. Constitution ratified, Washington was chosen to end up being the country's an initial president, having his inauguration in April 1789. Martha, that had additionally effectively suspect guardianship that Jack's children, take it on the obligation of arranging major social events and also parties because that the presidential home/office in new York, thus setting precedents and standards for future an initial ladies come come. (The hatchet "first lady" wasn't supplied at this time, with Martha being called "Lady Washington.")


She additionally had Friday windy receptions and also handled family affairs while occurring a friendship with Abigail Adams, wife of angry President man Adams. The Washingtons relocated to Philadelphia, which was the nation's next capital, in 1790.

Martha was seen as a gracious presence and looked to Europe for motivation in state of setting standards for main affairs, though it was provided that she frequently felt trapped and also preferred a quieter life. She also held slaves in her household and did not favor manumission, despite those organized as servants by Washington, that took on an abolitionist stance, would be freed after ~ his death.

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Later Years

The Washingtons went back to Mount Vernon as soon as the president's second term was up in 1797. Washington died in December 1799, through his wife subsequently closing your bedchamber and also taking increase residence on the third floor of their mansion. Upon acquisition ill in early 1802, she created her will and also burned many of the letter correspondences in between her and also her husband. She passed away on might 22, 1802, and was buried with she husband ~ above the estate.

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