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Born:January 1, 1953 (age 68)MinotNorth Dakota...(Show more)Title / Office:governor (1995-2003), brand-new Mexico...(Show more)Political Affiliation:Libertarian PartyRepublican Party...(Show more)Role In:United claims presidential election of 2012United claims presidential choice of 2016...(Show more)

Gary Johnson, in full Gary Earl Johnson, (born January 1, 1953, Minot, north Dakota, U.S.), American company executive and also politician who, while a member of the Republican Party, offered as governor of new Mexico (1995–2003). He to be the Libertarian Party’s presidential candidate in 2012 and 2016.

While studying political science at the university of new Mexico, Johnson worked as a handyman. ~ graduating through a B.A. In 1975, he began a construction agency the following year. The business became extremely successful; he sold it in 1999 because that a reported $10 million.

Although he lacked political experience, Johnson efficiently ran because that the governorship of new Mexico in 1994, marketing as a polite conservative Republican; he take it office in 1995 and was reelected in 1998. Throughout his two terms, he notably lowered taxes and also balanced the state budget. In addition, the vetoed much more than 750 bills. Constitutionally barred indigenous seeking a third consecutive term, he left office in 2003.

Johnson remained associated in politics, and also he sought the Republican Party’s nomination in the 2012 presidential election. However, his liberal stance on a number of issues—he especially supported both the legalization the marijuana and immigration reform—were in ~ odds with countless Republicans, and in 2011 that switched to the Libertarian Party, i m sorry traditionally favoured a smaller government and individual rights. The following year he ended up being the party’s presidential candidate, through Jim Gray, a retirement California judge, as his to run mate. The duo earn fewer than 1 percent the the ballots cast in the basic election—which was won through the autonomous incumbents, Pres. Barack Obama and also Vice Pres. Joe Biden—but castle claimed nearly 1.3 million votes, the many won through a Libertarian presidential ticket.

In 2014 Johnson came to be CEO and also president of three Sativa, Inc., which sold marijuana products. 2 years later on he left the firm and quickly thereafter gotten in the presidential race. However, he confronted opposition from some Libertarians who believed his pragmatic technique was in ~ the expense of party ideology. At a disputed convention in may 2016, he secured the nomination ~ above the second ballot, and also his running mate was wilhelm Weld, a previous Republican who had actually served as branch of Massachusetts (1991–97).

On the campaign trail, Johnson ran together a social liberal and fiscal conservative. He advocated for taxation reform, especially the adoption of a national consumption tax and also the elimination of the IRS. He additionally called because that the end of the national Security agency and miscellaneous cabinet-level departments however stated the he would store the EPA. On foreign policy, he mostly opposed military intervention. With the two major-party candidates, Republican Donald Trump and also Democrat Hillary Clinton, prove historically unpopular, Johnson looked to be a variable in the election. In September 2016 that secured his name on the ballot in every U.S. States, with national polls reflecting his assistance at 10 percent. Some speculated that he could reach the 15 percent forced to participate in the presidential debates. However, soon thereafter his poll numbers started to wane, partly since of a collection of gaffes. Notably, the said throughout a tv interview the he was not familiar with Aleppo, a Syrian city the was the step of extreme fighting in the country’s polite war. Johnson ultimately did no qualify for any of the 3 debates. In the choice he put a far-off third, receiving approximately 3 percent of the vote. In 2018 he likewise ran because that the U.S. Senate yet was defeated.

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An avid sportsman, Johnson completed in triathlons and also was a listed mountain climber. That summitted the greatest peaks on all seven continents, consisting of Mount Everest (2003).